Thursday, 30 August 2012

Start a Business of Energy Food Making


Start a Business of Energy Food Making 

Product and Applications

Health awareness is fast growing and people are taking to such energy supplements to overcome ageing, tiredness, fatigue and general breakdown of the system. Various supplements are available in the market to lower fats increase stamina etc. People are very conscious of Cholesterol level in blood and avoid fatty foods. They are very selective of their diet and there is marked preference for low calorie high protein food supplements. The energy foods available in market are costly and beyond the reach of common man. Children are yet another group for cheap energy foods.
The technology for such foods has been developed by CFTRI.
Energy food is prepared from easily available ingredients like wheat, gram dal, jiggery, edible ground nut cake, minerals and vitamins. It is a ready to eat food item and does not require extensive cooking. Depending upon individuals tastes some milk or water can be added. It can also be used with other material while making food items like halwa, chapatti etc.

Market Potential

Urban market is targeted by the costly variety of energy foods which are generally beyond the reach of semi urban and rural population. A large market exists for such products in rural and semi urban areas. With greater health awareness and contamination of raw vegetables due to pesticides and other chemical fertilizers people prefer diet foods. Thus easy availability at reasonable price provides a large market with the vast rural and semi urban population.

Manufacturing Process & Know How

The process of manufacturing is not very complicated. Cleaned wheat is roasted in a roaster bin to brown colour and then ground in a hammer mill. Similarly gram dal and edible ground nut cake are also roasted and ground. Next jiggery is mixed with calcium carbonate and wheat flour and processed in multi mill to obtain coarse flour. Finally are the ingredients along with pre-mixed minerals and vitamins are thoroughly mixed and packed. A typical mix could be 60% wheat flour, 10% gram dal, 10% edible ground nut cake, 15-16% jiggery and balance calcium carbonate and vitamins. Quality control is a must.
The process flow chart is as under

Know how is available with Central Government research Laboratories. The machinery is all indigenously available.
The production capacity envisaged is 200 tonnes per annum on two shift basis for 330 days per year.

Plant and Machinery

The main plant and machinery required comprise
  • Electrically operated roaster. - 1 no.
  • Hammer Mill - 1no.
  • Multi mill. - 1nos
  • Homogeniser - 1 no
  • Sieves, SS utensils- L.S.
  • Weighing scales
The total cost of machinery is estimated to be Rs.3.75 lakhs.
The unit will also require miscellaneous assets such as furniture, fixtures, storage facilities etc. the total cost of these is estimated to be Rs. 0.70 lakhs.
The total requirement of power shall be 30 HP, the unit will need 1000 lits of water daily.

Raw material and Packing Material

The basic raw materials for the unit are good quality wheat, gram dal, edible ground nut cake, jiggery are all available locally. Major requirement is that of wheat and for which advance bulk procurement shall have to be made. Printed polythene bags and packing cartons are the basic packing material required.
On an average the raw material cost has been estimated to be Rs.39.05 lakhs at 100% capacity utilization. At 60% capacity in 1st year the cost works out to Rs 23.43 lakhs.

Land and Building

For smooth operation of the unit, it will require 200 sq. mts of open land and a built up area of 125 sq. mts. The total cost of land and building is estimated at Rs. 3.85 lakhs.


For smooth functioning of the unit the requirement of man power is expected to be around 6 persons.
Sales personself
Skilled Workers2
The annual salary bill is estimated to be around Rs.1.50 lakhs

Sales Revenue

(100% capacity) Selling price varies depending on the product quality. An average price of Rs 32,000/- per tonne has been taken the annual income at installed capacity of 200 tonnes is Rs 64.00 lakhs.

Cost of Project

Rs. lakhs

Land & Building3.85
Plant & Machinery3.75
Other assets0.70
P & P expenses.0.75
Margin money1.22

Means of Finance

Promoters Contribution3.32
Term Loan7.70


Rs. lakhs

Raw material23.43
Stores & Spares0.24
Repairs & Maintenance0.36
Selling expenses7.68
Administrative expenses0.60
Interest on T.L0.84
Interest on W.C0.35
Cost of production36.67

Requirement of Working Capital



Margin Money

Raw material & packing15 days30%0.920.27
Stock of finished goods15 days25%1.000.25
Working expenses1 month100%0.300.30
Sale on credit15 days25%1.500.40
Margin money for W.C1.22

Break Even point


Machinery Suppliers

  • M/S Gardeners Corpn. Golf Links, N.Delhi.
  • M/s B.Sen Berry & Co. Rohtak Road, N.Delhi.
  • M/S S.P. Engineering Corp. Fazalgunj, Kanpur.

Friday, 24 August 2012

Start a Disposable Apron Making Unit

(365)Start a Disposable Apron Making Unit

Disposable aprons are a great way to protect your clothes from messy jobs without the hassle of having to store and wash them afterwards. After all, if you're going to have to wash everything again, why wear an apron in the first place? Instead, use a disposable apron to keep things clean, and just toss it in the trash when you're done.Made of a lightweight but protective polyethylene plastic, each disposable apron comes individually wrapped and ready to use. Just tie it on, and get to work without fear of getting a mess on yourself. Disposable aprons have numerous applications, and are useful for projects ranging from food preparation to arts and crafts.Disposable aprons are a favorite among food service staff, because they let them handle messy dishes without fear of ruining their uniforms that have to be worn each day. Disposable aprons are also water-resistant, so that if something gets splashed on you while you're wearing one, you don't have to walk around with a wet spot all day. It's for this reason too that disposable aprons are great for kids--let the apron catch glue, paint, markers, and other messes instead of their clothes.Whether you use them for business or pleasure, disposable aprons are a quick and easy way to keep messes under control. When you don't have the time to deal with the hassle of cloth aprons (and then sitting down to untangle all the ties), look to plastics. Disposable aprons are an affordable solution to a commonplace problem.

A roll of disposable aprons is formed from an elongated strip of plastic film having a portion along each side which is longitudinally folded over the remaining portion of the strip. The strip contains a plurality of latitudinal perforations at spaced intervals to enable the strip to be readily separated into discrete sheets. Each sheet has a cut-out portion near the top and centered latitudinally in the sheet. Each sheet also has a cut-away portion on each side of the hole portion which begins on the outside edge at the top of the strip, then runs inwardly and downwardly, and then ends on the outside edge of the strip. The cut-out portion defines a neck opening and the two strips of the folded-over portions adjacent and inward of the cut-away portions define two waist tie straps. Disposable plastic aprons are typically manufactured from an elongated strip of plastic film. During the manufacturing process, the strip is repeatedly perforated and cut. The strip is then wound into a roll for shipping. At the point of use, individual sheets (each one constituting an apron) are pulled off the roll at the perforations.

Cheap Disposable aprons wholesale             

Manufacturing Process

The apron is made of a plastic film having sufficient thickness and tensile strength to resist tearing. A wide variety of plastic film materials are suitable, including monofilms, monofilm/nonwoven laminates, spunbonded and meltblown nonwoven fabrics, and composite olefin fabrics. Plastic monofilms are preferred because of their low cost. Examples of monofilms include polyolefins, such as polyethylene and polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride polymers, rubber hydrochloride, polyesters, and cellulose esters. Polyethylene is the preferred monofilm because of its physical properties and low cost. The plastic film typically has a thickness of about 10 to 250 μm (about 0.5 to 10 mils or thousandths of an inch) and preferably about 25 to 50 μm (about 1 to 2 mils). As the thickness decreases, both the strength of the apron and the costs of material decrease. If the thickness is less than about 10 μm, the apron is so lightweight that it tends to cling to the body rather than drape. As the thickness increases, the costs of material and shipping increase.

Turning now to , the disposable apron is manufactured from a strip 20 of plastic film, most of which is shown tightly wound into a roll 21. A short section at the bottom end of the strip is shown unwound for illustration purposes. Two portions 22 and 23 of the strip along each side are longitudinally folded over upon the remaining, underlying portion 24 of the strip. The two folded-over portions have the same, or about the same, width. The width is generally about 1/10 to 1/4 the total width of the strip. For example, if the total width of the strip is 70 cm, each folded-over portion has a width of about 7 to 18 cm. It will be seen that the waist tie straps of the apron are cut from the folded-over portions. If the width of the folded-over portions is less than about 1/10 of the total, the waist straps are so narrow that they are prone to tearing. If the width is greater than about 1/4 of the total, the folded-over portions extend over the center cut-out portion. In addition, the waist straps are so wide that they are difficult to tie. Excessively-wide waist straps also represent a waste of material. The folded-over portions preferably have a width of about 1/8 to 1/5 the total width of the strip, and most preferably a width of about 1/6 to 1/5 the total width of the strip.
 The folded roll of plastic film after it has been cut and perforated to transform it into the roll of disposable aprons of this invention. The roll has latitudinal, i.e., transverse, perforations 30 and 30' at spaced intervals of about 1/2 to 2 m which divide the roll into discrete sheets. The spaced interval of perforations determines the overall length of the sheets and, in turn, the overall length of the individual aprons. The length is a matter of choice, depending on the size of the persons who will wear the apron and the amount of coverage desired. As previously discussed, an apron having a length less than about 1/2 m does not cover the body below the waist and an apron longer than 2 m tends to drag on the floor. The perforations are extensive enough that an individual sheet can be easily pulled manually from the roll, but not so extensive that individual sheets are separated during the winding that follows the perforating. In FIG. 5, the sheet/apron at the bottom of the roll is designated 10. The next sheet on the roll is designated 10', the next sheet 10", and so on.
Each sheet/apron on the roll contains a cut-out hole portion 12 located near the top, generally within about 1 to 8 cm (about 1/2 to 3 in). The cut-out portion is further centered latitudinally in the sheet. The cut-out portion defines the neck opening and is sized to fit over the head of the wearer. The opening generally has a diameter of about 15 to 20 cm (about 6 to 8 in). The shape of the opening is not critical--rounded, oval, or partially curved and partially straight (as shown in FIG. 4) are all suitable.
Each sheet/apron on the roll also contains cut-away portions on each side of the cut-out hole portion. The cut-away portions are of double thickness because they are cut from the folded-over portion of the strip and from the remainder of the strip underlying the folded-over portion. Each cut-away portion begins on the outside edge at the top of the strip, runs inwardly and downwardly, and then ends on the outside edge of the strip. More specifically, each cut-away portion begins at a first point 40 at the top of the sheet on the outside edge of the folded-over portion. The cut-away portion then runs inwardly along the perforation to a second point 41 which is at least about 1 cm (about 1/2 in) from the inside edge of the folded-over portion. It can be seen that the distance between the second point and the inside edge determines the width of the end of the waist tie straps. If the second point were all the way to the inside edge, there would be nothing left to hold the folded-over portion to the folded-over portion of the adjoining sheet. This, in turn, would allow the folded-over portions to become unfolded during winding. If the second point were closer than about 1 cm to the inside edge, the possibility of the remaining connection pulling away at the perforation would be too great. At the other extreme, it is acceptable to locate the second point on the outside edge of the folded-over portion so that the first and second points are the same. This location maximizes the distance connecting the folded-over portions of adjoining sheets, but also tends to make tying the waist straps more difficult due to the width of the strap. It is preferred that the second point is located about 5 to 10 cm (about 2 to 4 in) from the inside edge.
From the second point, the cut-away portion then runs longitudinally down the folded-over portion, i.e., between the inside and outside edges of the folded-over portion, along path 42. It can be seen that the downward distance determine both the length of the waist straps and the location of the waist straps relative to the apron. The downward distance is generally about 40 to 70 cm (about 16 to 28 in) and preferably about 50 to 60 cm (about 20 to 24 in). Expressed in terms of the overall length of the apron, the distance is about 1/4 the length of the apron (when the apron extends to near the feet) to substantially the entire length of the apron (when the apron covers little below the waist). The downward path of the cut-away portion determine the shape of the waist straps and is, to a large extent, a matter of choice. In FIG. 5, the path veers slightly outwardly so that the resulting waist straps taper accordingly. However, other paths are also suitable, including paths that veer inwardly, paths that run parallel to the outside edge, and paths that curve or veer as they move downward. Finally, the cut-away portion runs back to a point 43 on the outside edge of the strip.
The pattern of the cut-out and cut-away portions is responsible for a number of significant benefits. First, the pattern is symmetrical and the resulting even distribution of forces during winding enables the strip to be wound at a high speed without any distortion. Second, the lineal distance of the cut-away portion is exactly one-half of what it would be if the folded-over portion were not present. This reduction in lineal distance reduces the initial cost and maintenance cost of the cutting die. Third, the pattern enables all the waste portions to be removed at the point of manufacture. As previously mentioned, this reduces weight and enables the removed portions to be recycled. And fourth, the pattern also simplifies the donning of the apron. The user simply grasps the sheet near the top where the perforations are located and pulls. Thus, when the sheet is pulled off, the apron is held at the top without any need for the wearer to remove any waste portion or to regrip the apron. Furthermore, after the neck opening is placed over the head, the two folded-over portions unfold automatically as the waist tie straps are taken into the hands and tied.

Their are  four methods of manufacturing the roll of disposable aprons of this invention. The first method is to begin with a strip of plastic film produced on site in a film extruder 60. A second method is to begin with an unfolded roll 61 of plastic film. In either case, the film is passed to a folding means 62 to impart the two longitudinal folds. It is a cross-sectional detail of the film prior to folding and  is a cross-sectional detail after folding. After folding, the strip is ready for perforating and cutting.

A third method of manufacturing begins with a tube extruder 63 which produces a continuous tube of plastic film. A fourth method is to begin with a roll 64 of plastic film tubing. It is a cross-sectional detail of the tubing. The tubing is first folded into a shape having two triangular indentations, commonly known as gussets, in the gusseting means 65. It is a cross-sectional detail of the gusseted tubing. The tubing is then slit longitudinally along the gusset in the slicing means 66. The result of the slicing is two separate folded strips as shown in cross-sectional .

The next step of the manufacturing process is for the folded strip(s) to be perforated and cut by the perforating and cutting means 67, which is typically a rotary die. The cut-out and cut-away portions are removed from each sheet by conventional means and collected in a reservoir 68. The cut-out and cut-away portions are discarded, saved for future recycling, or immediately recycled back to an extruder. The perforated and cut strip is then typically wound into a roll 69. The strip is sufficiently narrow that existing commercial coreless winders can be used. Eliminating the core reduces cost in several ways--the cost of the core itself is eliminated and the size of the roll is reduced which reduces packaging and shipping costs. Alternatively, the strip can be wound onto a core made of cardboard or the like if desired by the customer or required by the manufacturing equipment. If two strips are perforated and cut simultaneously, they are typically wound onto two separate rolls 70 and 71. If desired, the aprons can be separated at the time of manufacturing and shipped in the form of a stack 72. The separation is accomplished by an additional cutting means 73, by a mechanical or manual separation of the aprons at the perforations, or by simply substituting a complete cut for the latitudinal perforation.

When a laminated apron is desired, the above-described methods are used with the exception that a roll of laminated film is used as the starting material or a second strip of material is superimposed on the first strip of material by suitable means, such as passing the two strips between two rolls which crimp or activate adhesives to bond the two strips together.

The roll of disposable aprons is optionally imprinted with company names, logos, or other indicia. Preprinted roll stock is used or the imprinting is performed at the time of manufacture in a variety of conventional ways, including embossing and printing. When imprinting is performed at the time of manufacture, it is typically performed immediately before the strip is cut and perforated.

Disposable Apron Making Machine

       bigger product image

Disposable PE Apron Making Machine 
Characteristics And Feature Description: 
PE apron making machine is to be used for producing disposable PE apron. Fast speed, low cost. Offers high productivity, stable quality, and easy adjustment. 

Require material: 
1. HDPE Film 
2. LDPE Film 

Require operator: 2 person/machine (one is for feeding, the other one is for packing) 

Final products: PE Apron 

Technical Parameter 
1. Voltage: AC380V 50Hz 
2. Power: 2KW 
3. Speed: 50 - 80 PC. /min. 
4. Weight: 700kg 
5. Outer Size: 3600× 1300× 1700mm

Company Name:Ruian Ruifeng Packing Machinery Co., Ltd.
Website on

Company Name:
Ruian Shunfeng Packaging Machinery Co., Ltd.
Operational Address:Jielutou Industrial Zone, Shangwang Street, Rui'an, Zhejiang, China (Mainland)
Website on

Tuesday, 21 August 2012

Start a Agriculture Equipment Manufacturing Business


(364). Start a Agriculture Equipment Manufacturing Business
Agriculture in India is unique in its characteristics, where over 250 different crops are cultivated in its varied agro-climatic regions, unlike 25 to 30 crops grown in many of the developed nations of the world. Agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the Indian economy contributing 18.5 per cent of national income, about 15 per cent of total exports and supporting two-thirds of the work force

The manufacture of agricultural machinery in India is quite multifaceted and comprises village artisans, tiny units, small-scale industries, State agro-industrial development corporations and organized tractor, engine and processing equipment industries.
The Bureau of Indian Standards(External website that opens in a new window) (BIS) ensures that manufacture and marketing of agricultural and industrial products are of a good quality through its network of centres and laboratories. The BIS also prepares specifications for agricultural machinery and other appliances and stipulates test codes. Other than the BIS, the government has also set up other farm machinery and testing centres for the promotion of quality farm machinery.

The Opportunity

With a long value chain that spans across the agricultural cycle, Indian entrepreneurs have a host of opportunities to explore. These include equipment involved in land development, tillage, seedbed preparation, sowing and planting, plant protection, harvesting and post harvest activities.
Besides manufacturing, distribution and retail opportunities in post-harvest equipment are a plenty, and entrepreneurs could explore this area. As the cost of post harvest equipment is very high, a good margin exists for distributors of such products.There is plenty of scope of India becoming a low-cost manufacturing destination for foreign players. 
The MarketAlthough dependent heavily on monsoon, the demand for farm equipment has only risen over the years. “India comprised a $5.8 billion market for agricultural equipment in 2007, third largest in the world behind the US and China,” says The Freedonia Group. “India is the world’s second largest four wheel tractor producer behind China on a unit basis (output of around 305,000 units in 2007). The production cost for one tractor in India is less than half the level found in developed countries, which has enabled India to become a significant net exporter of lower horsepower tractors,” it adds.
The market penetration of tractors and other farm equipment is still very low. This clearly implies enough scope for growth. The KPMG-IBEF study draws a parallel with the consumer durables and auto sectors saying that when there is a low market penetration, coupled with availability of high quality, high technology products and ease of financing, the market booms.
“With shipments of $5.9 billion in 2007, India also maintains a significant agricultural equipment industry and is a modest net exporter of farm machinery.

Cultivator is an agricultural implement and a simple tool. It is fabricated from channel angle and flat section of mild steel. The size will depend on the type of land in particular area. The channel, angle and flats are cut to size and welded and fastened where required.

An Overview of Agriculture Machinery sector in India
Agriculture equipment constitutes all those equipments which help farmers to carry out the various processes required to enhance the output of quality crops.Mechanization has become the mantra of the agriculture industry.Agriculture equipment usage is prevalent in almost every part of the world.In olden days, people mostly depended on manual processes and there was no trace of any agriculture equipment.People had to put in a lot of sweat and blood in order to bring about quality production of crops.For instance, sowing of seeds alone used to take a lot of time and an individual was required to toil throughout the day. A particular task took up most of the day.However, things have changed drastically for the better.
It is said that necessity is the mother of invention and owing to the changes which have set in, throughout the world, it has made people sit up and think.Due to changes in the ecology, climate changes have set in and one is required to fight against nature.
Global warming, coupled with rise in sea levels and consequent eradication of coastlines and other hazards have necessitated the use of agriculture equipment as setting things straight no longer lies in the hands of man.Agriculture equipment comprises of several types of agriculture tools and agriculture instruments meant for carrying out different agriculture related jobs.There are many companies manufacturing agriculture equipment all over the world. The agriculture equipments not available in ones homeland may be imported from other countries.
There are different types of agriculture equipment required, the most common ones used are as follows:
    Agricultural Plough, Spring Loaded Tiller, Offset Disc Harrow Agricultural Motors, Agricultural Pumps, Irrigation Pumps Garden Rake, Pinch Point Bars, Pick Axe, Posting Digger, Chisel Tools Agricultural Implements, Cutter Mattock, Rail Road Pick Rotary Tiller, Rotary Tiller Spare Parts, Harvester Combine, Header Spare Parts Paddy Thrasher, Groundnut Decorticators, Chaff Cutters Agricultural Hoes, Agricultural Shovels, Agricultural Plouges Agricultural Chain, Agricultural Finger, Stainless Steel Pulley Agricultural Pump, Horticultural Pump, Water Lifting Pump, Gear Pump, Piston Pump Coconut Fiber De husking Machine, Coconut Palm Leaves Cutting Machines, Paddle Mixer Machines Agriculture Machines, Maize- Sheller, Paddy Thrashers Agricultural Equipment Spare Parts, Farm Equipment Spare Parts, Garden Equipment Spare Parts Agriculture Pumps, E centric Screw Pumps Chaff Cutters, Flour mills- Third Pedestal, Flour mills- Half Cabinet, Groundnut Decorticator, Stainless Steel Pulverizer Paddy Rice Thresher, Multi crop Thresher, Maize Sheller Vegetable Nursery Transplanter, Zero Till Multi crop Planter For Controlled Tractor Traffic, Seed Cum Fertilizer Drill, Aluminum Fluted Rollers Assembly, Axial Flow Vegetable Seed Extractor Tractor Trailer, Disc Harrow, Grass Cutter, Land Leveler Knapsack Sprayer, Agricultural Knapsack Sprayer, Knapsack Power Sprayer, Knapsack Sprayer India, Foot Sprayer.

Farmstead Equipment

  • One of the most commonly used pieces of farmstead equipment is the grain auger. Farmers use grain augers to transfer grain from one spot to another, such as from carts and trucks to storage containers. A typical auger features a rotating spiral or corkscrew-like apparatus (that pulls grain upward), and can be powered by an electric or internal combustion engine. Another common piece of farmstead equipment is a sorter, which is used to separate certain types of plant materials from others. Perhaps the most famous example of a sorter is Eli Whitney's cotton gin. The device uses wire hooks to pull cotton fibers through a screen, which separates the cottonseeds from the desirable cotton lint.

Farm Field Equipment

  • Perhaps the most well-known and commonly used piece of equipment in agriculture is the tractor: a high-powered, four wheeled motor vehicle that typically features two oversized rear tires. Tractors are invaluable for farmers largely due to their hydraulic systems, which allow them to control a number of different attachable implements for cultivation, planting and harvesting. Many tractors now incorporate microprocessors and other advanced electronics to ensure both safety and efficiency.

Cultivation Equipment

  • Two common pieces of cultivation equipment, or tools used for preparing soil for planting, are the plow and the harrow. While farmers use plows to overturn big chunks of earth, thereby loosening soil and covering up weeds, they use harrows to fine-comb the soil surface and to eliminate any remaining lumps.

Planting Equipment

  • Planting equipment includes seed dispersers and seed sowing machines. While seed dispersers or seeders shoot out seeds from a distance, seed sowing machines utilize actual needles to create openings for seeds and to push them down into the soil.

Harvesting Equipment

  • Reapers are tractor attachments that use sickles or curved blades to cut grain crops. They also feature sweepers or rakes, which push the cut-crops to the side after a certain capacity is reached. A harvester is a term that specifies a reaper that is also capable of binding crops in addition to cutting them.
    Spectrum Industries 

    Address : C-14, 15 & 16, Yeyyadi Industrial Estate,
    Mangalore - 575 008, Karnataka, (India)
    Telefax : +(91)-(824)-2214395
    Tel :             +(91)-(824)-2214395 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting            +(91)-(824)-2214395      end_of_the_skype_highlighting       / 2221018
    Mobile :             +(91)-9844043990 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting            +(91)-9844043990      end_of_the_skype_highlighting      

    Kumar Metal Industries Private Limited
    Mr. Sunil Manaktala
    101, Kakad Bhavan, 30th Road, Opp. Gaiety Galaxy Cinema, Bandra (West)
    Thane - 400 050, Maharashtra, India

    Mobile:            +(91)-8373903839 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting            +(91)-8373903839      end_of_the_skype_highlighting      
    Telephone:+(91)-(22)-26441667/ 26441664/ 26441663/ 26427982