Thursday, 28 August 2014

Start a Business of Methanol Making Plant

Start a Business of Methanol Making  Plant

What is a Methanol?

Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, wood alcoholwood naphtha or wood spirits, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH. Methanol acquired the name "wood alcohol" because it was once produced chiefly as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood. Modern methanol is produced in a catalytic industrial process directly from carbon monoxidecarbon dioxide, and hydrogen.Methanol is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colorless, flammable liquid with a distinctive odor very similar to that of ethanol.

What is a Methanol plant?

Methanol (CH3OH) is produced from synthesis gas, natural gas or other hydrocarbons utilizing flexible PPE designed and fabricated equipment.PPE has designed, fabricated and installed methanol plants utilizing a variety of feedstocks including conventional sources such as natural gas and syngas and non-conventional sources such as biowaste.PPE offers a range of equipment options to generate methanol designed for your specific application. We can provide skid-mounted modular plants or large-scale on-site plants.PPE offers a range of equipment options to generate methanol designed for your specific application. We can provide skid-mounted modular plants or large-scale on-site plants.

Process of Methonal making plant?

The Uhde low-pressure synthesis loop consists of a recycle compressor, feed/effluent exchanger, methanol reactor, final cooler, and crude methanol separator. The crude methanol, which is condensed downstream of the methanol reactor, is separated from unreacted gas in the separator and routed via an expansion drum to the crude methanol distillation. Water and minor quantities of by-products formed in the synthesis are removed by an energy saving Uhde-designed three-column distillation system.

Typical consumption figures (feed plus fuel) range from 29 to 33 GJ per metric ton of methanol produced. Waste heat from the syngas unit that fed this facility was being used in the Methanol Plant. Additional steam for heating will need to be made available if the plant is not linked to a syngas unit as before.Uhde claims that the simple addition of a pre-reactor will increase this unit’s capacity by 20%.

Ethylene Plant in Gelsenkirchen, Germany

Major Equipment used

Compressor:  Built in 1995.  This centrifugal compressor operates with make-up gas (MUG) on one side and recycle (REC) gas on the other side.  It compresses 50,000 Nm3/hr of make-up gas from 19 bar at 44 °C to 44 bar at 117 °C.  It compresses 285,000 Nm3/hr of recycle gas from 37 bar at 37 °C to 42 bar at 49 °C.  It has a 4,000 kW electric drive motor.

Activated Carbon Reactor:  2.2 m diameter and 9.4 m tall.  Constructed of carbon steel.  Rated for 54 bar at 160 °C.   Fixed bed with 5 m3 of activated carbon and 19 m3 of Al2O catalyst type R 10/20.

Deoxo Reactor:  2.2 m diameter and 4.3 m tall.  Constructed of carbon steel with stainless steel lining.  Rated for 54 bar at 230 °C.  The deoxo reactor uses BASF Puristar palladium-based catalyst type RO-20/47 (catalyst has been removed and reclaimed).

Guard Bed Reactor:  2.2 m diameter and 7.7 m tall.  Constructed of carbon steel.  Rated for 54 bar at 250 °C.  The guard bed reactor utilizes a zinc oxide-based catalyst on top of 22 m3 of a BASF Puristar copper-based catalyst type R3-15. 

Methanol Reactor:  4.0 m diameter and 12.5 m tall.  Constructed of carbon steel shell with stainless steel tubes rated for 54 bar at 270 °C.  The tubes are packed with a copper-based BASF catalyst type S 3-86.  The temperature in the catalyst tubes is monitored at the top and bottom by 12 thermocouples.  The tube side operates at 45 bar and 250 °C.  The shell side produces 36 – 43 bar steam.

Crude Methanol Storage Tank:  3.8 m diameter by 21 m tall.  It holds 250 m3 and is constructed of carbon steel.  It is rated for 0.5 bar and 70 °C.

Topping Column:  3.5 m diameter at the bottom and 1.2 m diameter at the top.  It is 33.5 m tall with 48 sieve trays.  Both the column and the trays are constructed of carbon steel.  The column operates at 3.5 bar and 130 °C.

Refining Column 1:  2.3 m diameter and 40.4 m tall with 73 sieve trays.  Both the column and the trays are constructed of carbon steel.  The column operates at 6.5 bar and 250 °C.

Refining Column 2:  3.0 m diameter and 39.5 m tall with 68 sieve trays.  Both the column and the trays are constructed of carbon steel.  The column operates at 0.25 bar and 110 °C.

Pure Methanol Storage Tanks (2):  2.8 m diameter by 22 m tall.  They hold 129 m3 and are constructed of carbon steel.  They operate at 0.25 bar and 35 °C.

Market Analysis of  Methonal Making plant

CROP plants sprayed with diluted methanol, or wood alcohol, showed significantly greater yields while requiring less water than a comparison group of plants, two researchers say.Methanol spraying, however, does not boost the growthof all plants. Corn, sorghum and the weeds, Johnson and Bermuda grass, were unaffected. In addition, because the methanol appears effective only when sprayed under very bright light, winter crops and crops grown in less sunny areas are unlikely to benefit.Normally when plants use sunlight to make sugars during photosynthesis they use carbon dioxide as their source of carbon. But in the early 1980's, Dr. Nonrandom and Dr. Benson found that algae, when given methanol as a carbon source, could grow twice as fast, producing twice as many carbon-containing molecules like sugar and proteins.Market value of methanol making plant is very high.Its a good obtains to start a business in methanol making plant.

Friday, 22 August 2014






Residential Safety Consultant
Residential Consulting our cornerstone is a thorough inspection and extensive narrative report. Our inspection and report system typically require more time than most in the industry. Our goal is to provide the best inspection and report available. addition to a thorough inspection we provide a learning experience. We urge our clients to attend the inspection and gain a better understanding of the individual characteristics of their home so that they may protect their investment. Our report includes valuable maintenance information specific to the property being inspected.


Specific responsibilities include

• Serve as Process Safety consultant to manufacturing facilities for hazard, consequence and risk analyses
• Provide technical and operational assistance on PSM-related questions and issues to manufacturing sites;
• Lead, prepare and document process hazards analyses, consequence analyses, and risk assessments;
• Communicate DuPont PSM Standards and regulatory requirements to operating sites and project teams;
• Work with capital project teams to design and construct process units that effectively meet PSM requirements such as process technology and process hazards analyses;
• Support training of new PHA resources and team members.

Increasing security threats, such as computer hackers, terrorists and other potentially hazardous attacks, are causing business to move towards hiring security consultants to prevent these events from occurring. High-paying salaries in a quickly growing field can await security consultant professionals. 
A security consultant uses his or her subject-matter expertise to advise companies in securing and protecting physical, monetary and information capital, such as office buildings, investments, computer systems or other items. Specializations for security consultants exist in areas such as building security, computer security or natural/manmade disaster security. Security consultants may work for consulting firms or as self-employed contractors.  
                                                Работа охранником Екатеринбург


According to the BLS, most security consultant positions require at least a bachelor's degree, and advancement opportunities improve with educational attainment. security consultants may benefit from studying include intelligence management, public safety, homeland security and criminology. Newly hired individuals should also expect fairly rigorous on-the-job technical training from employers.BLS reported that business operations specialists earned a median annual salary of $65,120. This larger group includes security consultants. Between 2012 and 2022, security management specialists were expected to see slower-than-average employment growth.



Residential/office safety consultants may advise that companies install physical protection, such as implementing video surveillance and alarm systems, or they may recommend hiring security personnel. They could also advise that companies perform more rigorous background checks prior to hiring new people or train employees on measures to improve the security of property or information. Residential/office safety consultant  then develop and implement IT security solutions to prevent unauthorized access, data modification or data loss. They could also determine physical security risks, such as threats of violence in the workplace, and then implement solutions to lessen those risks. In addition, they might assess a building's physical stability and develop evacuation procedures or provide building maintenance and safety advice.Market value of residential safety consultant is valuable.Finally, some security consultants provide expert advice to companies regarding what should be done to prevent damage and loss from occurrences such as tornados, fires, hurricanes or other natural disasters.



Wednesday, 20 August 2014

Start a Calligraphy Business


      Start a Calligraphy Business 

What is Calligraphy ?
 Calligraphy is a visual artrelated to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument or brush in one stroke.A contemporary calligraphic practice can be defined as, "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious, and skillful manner".

What is a Calligraphy Writing? 

Calligraphy is beautiful writing. It is a delightful art. In some religions, the name of God is written in various forms of calligraphy as a means to convey prayers. Calligraphy can be a fun hobby, a creative art, and even a great home based business. All you will need is a pen and paper and some space to start with. Writing is the basic prerquisite for the calligraphic artist.
Uses of calligraphy writing-

Calligraphy continues to flourish in the forms of wedding and event invitations, font design and typography, original hand-lettered logo design, religious art, announcements, graphic design and commissioned calligraphic art, cut stone inscriptions, and memorial documents. It is also used forprops and moving images for film and television, testimonials, birth and death certificates, maps, and other written works. Some of the finest works of modern calligraphy are charters and letters patent issued by monarchs and officers of state in various countries.
Your own Calligraphy Business

Calligraphy is an acquired art. A person with basic artistic ability can learn this special art. Many stores get orders for specialized hand letter printing which only a calligrapher can perform. Wedding announcements, address writing on cards, menus, invitations, personalized greeting cards, and certificates need to be hand written. If the order is small, commercial printing is expensive. People often prefer calligraphic type to make the card attractive. Even if a photocopier is used to make duplicate copies, the original will still need the calligraphy. A good calligrapher can work as an in-house calligrapher with printers or a stationary store. You can also do freelance for many such organizations.

Learning Calligraphy writing

There are many self-help books and kits available at inexpensive prices from bookstores to teach and learn calligraphy.A calligraphy teacher will help you in learning to use broad tipped pens to make wide vertical strokes and narrow horizontal lines. Turning the pen results in various effects, like wider, rounder or pin pointed shapes.A calligraphy teacher will help you in learning to use broad tipped pens to make wide vertical strokes and narrow horizontal lines. Turning the pen results in various effects, like wider, rounder or pin pointed shapes.You can learn to master one alphabet at a time for ornate embellishment and variations in writing them. The simple alphabets transform magically into amazing artistic shapes. The words thus formed come to a strange life of their own. This is the power of the practiced and perfected art of calligraphy. 
How to Start a calligraphy busines

Learn calligraphy through a kit or under a tutor. Practice until you attain perfection. Personally, call on stationery shops or printers to tell them of your talent. Leave your self-designed cards, with an idea of cost and samples of your best work. For card printing, first print your design and logo and then get it reduced to business card size, two by three and a half inches. This will give a sharp and clear look to your business card. Get multiples made with the help of an inexpensive photo offset process and finally get them embossed for expensive looks.Make samples of cards, menus, and certificates with calligraphy and give them as samples to potential customers. This leads to impulsive purchases.Calligraphy can be a hobby or a lucrative business venture with practically no overheads.


Start a Boxing Center business

Start a Boxing Center business

A boxing fitness club can meet the needs of both boxing and fitness clients.

Boxing clubs are expensive to start. However, many businesses combine fitness and boxing to broaden their client base and attract more income. A mutually beneficial spiral frequently develops where fitness income covers the expenses of the facility and equipment, while boxing successes attract more fitness clients. Currently there are also a number of fitness programs that have been created that combine boxing and fitness into hybrids, such as kickboxing exercise classes.

Planning Phase
Step 1
Take time to develop a professional and realistic business plan for your club. Contact your local business promotion organizations, such as the Chamber of Commerce, for information regarding local demographics, related businesses that might be competition and details regarding the local economy. Imagine a typical working week for your club and identify all expenses incurred. Although it may be tempting to inflate potential income figures and deflate expected costs, the more accurate your business plan is, the higher the chance that your business will succeed.
Step 2
Contact your local bank or the Small Business Administration in your area. If they do not have the funding you need, the people there may be able to put you in contact with other funding sources that do. Determine the minimum amount of money needed to run your boxing and fitness club for the first 6 months. Don't count on being able to cut corners or save on expenses, plan for the need to cover the full amount.
Step 3
Contact the boxing regulatory agencies in your area to determine what kinds of permits or licenses you will need so your fighters can participate in competition. Speak with county or city treasurer's office personnel to determine what business licenses you need to secure. Investigate local fitness club requirements to make sure you are in compliance with health and sanitation laws. Find out whether the various permits or licenses need to be publicly displayed and be prepared for inspectors to drop by to see that you are in compliance.
Start up Phase
Step 1
Remember the old adage, location, location, location. Think about how far your typical client would be willing to travel to your facility and select a building that is easily accessible to your largest client group. Although a few intensely dedicated clients may not care about looks, pick a location that is visually appealing to the more typical hobbyist, whose greater numbers usually make up the bulk of boxing fitness club members.
Step 2
List the minimum amount of training equipment you will need to start your club and also create a wish list of extras that you would like to have. Check around for used equipment if keeping costs down is a factor. Apply a new coat of paint or new labels to give new life to equipment you might be able to purchase inexpensively from another club. Always make safety your top consideration with equipment.
Step 3
Remember that the heart of your business will be your staff. Hire the best people you can afford and pay them as well as possible. Many coaches and trainers have developed their own following, which could potentially create an automatic client base for your new club. Observe your staff at work and listen carefully to client comments to refine what is working for your location and style

Early history
The earliest known depiction of boxing comes from a Sumerian relief from the 3rd millennium BC.Later depictions from the 2nd millennium BC are found in reliefs from the Mesopotamian nations of Assyria and Babylonia, and in Hittite art from Asia Minor. The earliest evidence for fist fighting with any kind of gloves can be found onMinoan Crete (c. 1500–900 BC), and on Sardinia, if we consider the boxing statuesof Prama mountains (c. 2000–1000 BC).
Boxing was a popular spectator sport in Ancient Rome. In order for the fighters to protect themselves against their opponents they wrapped leather thongs around their fists. Eventually harder leather was used and the thong soon became aweapon. The Romans even introduced metal studs to the thongs to make the cestuswhich then led to a more sinister weapon called the myrmex (‘limb piercer’). Fighting events were held at Roman Amphitheatres. The Roman form of boxing was often a fight until death to please the spectators who gathered at such events. However, especially in later times, purchased slaves and trained combat performers were valuable commodities, and their lives were not given up without due consideration. Often slaves were used against one another in a circle marked on the floor. This is where the term ring came from. In 393 AD, during the Roman gladiator period, boxing was abolished due to excessive brutality. It was not until the late 17th century that boxing re-surfaced in London.
boxer's training depends largely on the point in their career at which he or she is situated. If the boxer is just a beginner, a minimal training routine might consist of learning how to hit the heavy bag, the speed bag, and the double end bag (a small bag with a cord on top and bottom connecting it to the floor and ceiling) as well as doing shadowboxing in front of a mirror, skipping ropecalisthenics and jogging every day, as well as an occasional practice bout inside the ring (sparring). Most beginning boxers will spend most of their early careers conditioning and establishing the fundamentals. For the amateur or professional boxer preparing for a competition or bout, however, training is much more stringent. Boxing is widely considered one of the most physically demanding sports in the world.


Boxing, like several other fighting sports, categorizes its competitors into weight classes. Some fighters try to take advantage of this by dieting before weigh-in so that they can be bumped down a weight class. In extreme cases, a fighter may forego solid food before the official weigh-in ceremony, and eat a lot afterward to compensate. In some very extreme cases, boxers have been forced to stop eating solid food up to three days before the weigh-in ceremony, in order to make weight for the fight. Sometimes, if a boxer doesn't make the weight agreed for on the first weight-in, he or she might go to a sauna or to jog with a jacket to sweat and lose the extra pounds, however this is mainly water that the body holds. After weigh ins, competitors will general add on weight before the fight, resulting in them weighing anywhere from 5 to 25 lbs above the weight class.A boxer will generally try to have the maximum weight possible within the Boxing weight classes (s)he is fighting in, as a good boxer will be able to use his weight to his advantage.

Advanced Boxing Techniques

Boxing techniques, boxing advice, and boxing instructions to help all boxers train and perfect their boxing skills to become a stronger, more powerful, and faster boxer. Great technique should improve effectiveness and efficiency. Great fighting techniques are focused on improving performance as opposed to be limited by rules and forms. Every fighter and fighting situation is different requiring mastery of many techniques. There are no such things as the "best fighting techniques", there are only good applications. Technique in itself is not so much what you do, but how you use it.

1) Corkscrew Punch
The corkscrew punch is a punch that is thrown while twisting the shoulder, elbow and wrist all in one motion, so that your thumb ends up facing downwards and your palm facing the outside. For some fighters, this technique can be awkward and many choose to avoid using it. The benefits of this punch includes:
§  Hand Protection: Your forearms add more stability in the wrist by placing it sideways. Many fighters injure their thumbs when throwing power punches, but when you corkscrew a punch, you ensure that your knuckles (particularly on the forefinger) come in contact with the target first without your thumb feeling any impact.
§  Chin Protection: You’ll find that when you corkscrew a punch, the shoulder of your punching arm automatically raises slightly resulting in better protection for your chin.
§  Better Defensive Posture: The motion of a corkscrew punch forces you to lean at an angle where it’s more difficult for your opponent to catch you with a counterpunch.
There are certain punches that work well with the corkscrew boxing technique while others I don’t recommend. I would avoid using the corkscrew jab because it doesn’t leave you in a good position to follow up with any other punches and also uppercuts tend to be very awkward to corkscrew.
I would recommend the following corkscrew punches:
§  Corkscrew Cross: The cross is easiest punch to throw with a corkscrew motion and it’s a power punch that will hit the target quicker than any other power punch.
§  Corkscrew Lead Hook: The lead hook is one of the most effective punches in general, but you may want to consider using a corkscrew motion if you find that you hurt your wrist or thumb when you throw the hook.
§  Corkscrew Rear Hook: The rear hook is thrown from the back and therefore, it can often be difficult connecting the knuckles to the target when throwing it conventionally, especially if your opponent is only just within your reach or at a hard-to-connect angle. By corkscrewing the rear hook, you can hit the target with your knuckles much easier without damaging your wrist as you will have more support from your forearm.
§  Corkscrew Overhand: This is my favorite corkscrew punch. It’s the same as the corkscrew rear hook but comes from an above angle opposed to the side, therefore making it more difficult for your opponent to see.

2) Leaping Lead Hook
Although it sounds relatively simple, the leaping lead hook, which is literally just a lead hook thrown while jumping in at the time same, is a difficult punch to master.
There are many factors involved that makes up a beautifully thrown leaping lead hook. These include foot movement, body positioning, accuracy, timing and of course, the technique of the punch itself.
Failure to effectively implement any of the aforementioned elements can result in you leaping into a counterpunch instead.
Here are some tips for effectively throwing the leaping lead hook:
§  Measure Distance: Never leap in from too far out because your opponent will be able to see it coming. You’re supposed to throw it when you’re just out of range by a few inches.
§  Jump Height: When you leap in, the maximum height your feet should leave the ground is only by around an inch. In fact, as you leap in, ideally your feet should sweep the floor as if you’re gliding.
§  Bend Your Knees: From the moment you leap and when you land, your knees should be slightly bent. This ensures stability and a quick escape should you miss.
§  Keep It Short: Don’t throw the lead hook too wide because you’ll reduce speed and power. If you’re within the correct distance, then you’ll be able to throw a short lead hook that is both quick and powerful.
§  Control Your Power: Don’t follow through with the hook because if you miss, you’ll end up swinging wildly off-balance.
§  Keep Your Guard Up: This goes without saying, keep your rear guard held high covering your chin.
If you not very experienced or athletic, then you should avoid using the leaping lead hook because it’s risky and can easily go wrong.

3) Multiple Lead Hook
It’s easy to throw a single lead hook and even a double. However, very few fighters can effectively throw the lead hook in threes, fours and even more.
Here are some tips for throwing multiple lead hooks successfully:
§  Throw Quick: When you throw more than two of the same punch, it’s all about speed.
§  Throw Short: In order to throw quick punches in threes and fours, they must be kept short which means that you must be in close range.
§  Target Upstairs: Aim for the face and not the body because going for the body with multiple weak punches is ineffective and will just leave you open for a counter. You can however, go to the body for your last hook since it will be your most powerful.
§  Control Your Power: Only the last punch of the combination should be thrown with power. All previous punches of the combination should have minimal power to serve as a distraction.

4) Double Cross
The double cross / straight, holds the same principles as the multiple lead hook, except that the double cross is more effective and less risky. To pull it off successfully, just follow these steps:
1.       Throw a cross punch as normal but without following through. This helps to blind your opponent’s vision.
2.      As it hits the target, pull your arm back slightly, only by a few inches.
3.      Extend your arm again to hit the target again.
All of this should be done very quickly. The double cross will distract and frustrate your opponent and if done correctly, it’s also great for setting up a hard body shot.

5) Shoulder Roll
floyd mayweather shoulder roll technique

The shoulder roll technique is a is a defensive maneuver made popular by Floyd Mayweather Jr, James Toney and more recently, Adrien Broner. It involves using the lead shoulder to deflect the cross and overhand, and the forearm to protect the body. Once the punch is deflected, it then leaves you in an excellent position to throw a short counter uppercut / cross.
The shoulder roll requires good reflexes, timing and body positioning. Even the slightest error of judgement can lead to getting hit flush, since your lead arm is held low.
Not many fighters can pull it off successfully (often due to style and technique) and I wouldn’t recommend that you try it without an great amount of practice first. It’s not for everyone and if the shoulder roll doesn’t suit your style, then just leave it out altogether, otherwise you can end up completely messing it up.

Business Overview

Once a sport for the brutes, boxing and kickboxing is quickly becoming one of the most popular fitness activities in North America enjoyed by millions of participants regardless of age or gender. An interest in the sport of boxing or kickboxing is definitely a prerequisite for starting a boxing center. However, a great deal of boxing experience or training is not, simply due to the fact that you can hire certified boxing and kickboxing instructors to conduct classes and oversee the general operation of the business. You can also add fun and fitness classes to the roster, such as aerobic boxing and kickboxing, self-defense boxing training, and monthly amateur boxing and kickboxing tournaments. In total, approximately 4,000 to 6,000 square feet of space will be required to operate the business, and equipment purchases will be expensive, making this a business venture that'll require careful planning and research.

Market Research Report

Your customers will range from the fitness buff looking for a fun aerobic activity to more serious boxers looking to improve their skills. Build a membership base quickly by distributing two-for-one coupons that entitle the bearer the opportunity to join the boxing center for one month and receive the second month of membership free of charge.

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