Saturday, 30 November 2013

Start a Business of Artificial Jewellery

Start a Business of Artificial Jewellery 

These days artificial jewellery business is becoming trend in the business. Jewellery is always the women’s best friend no matter what age group they belong. Even though the traditional diamond and gold jewellery is always the top choice but still initiation or artificial jewellery is also preferred.

Why Artificial Jewellery Business?

Artificial jewellery business is an excellent choice considering the impression and the trend. If you follow a thorough organized approach, artificial jewellery business can lead to a profitable business. Just like other businesses, remember that there are some factors that you need to consider. It is very important to analyze market because it is the stage wherein the business needs to stand, so be sure to understand the market trend as well as the plan consequently.

Understanding the Target Market

Your main priority here is how you can attract your target audience because without understanding your strategy, it is not possible that you will be successful. It is very essential to treat your customer as your king, which you could offer them the best service as well as makes them be satisfied. Always remember the service that you can offer to your customer.

Tips to Attract Customer

In order for your products to be noticed, it would be nice if you can organize fashion shows or trade shows wherein you can surely able to be known. As you know, women enjoy spending some time visiting fashion shows and trade shows. These ways can be the great opportunity for your business to be noticed. Make sure to get their thoughts and opinions regarding your products. Be sure to ask their wants and requirements. By this you can able to brainstorm and plan the best means on how you can create artificial jewellery that they will love.
Make sure to have enough amount of artificial jewellery stock with you. This is very important for the reason that the customer will never be interested if you cannot present her the jewellery that she wants, so always have the samples and stocks with you. It should be continuously maintained so that whenever you received large orders of artificial jewellery, you have enough quantity of it. Always try to persuade customers to be interested on your products.
Furthermore, it is also very important that you should be able to join the wave on how you can improve your marketing strategy. These days, the internet is one of the most powerful means on how you can able to promote your services or products. This can be done by using the benefits of cyberspace through blogging or online marketing, wherein you will use the advantages of the web on how to promote and sell your imitation or artificial jewellery.

Monday, 25 November 2013

Start a Business of Textile Recycling

Start a Business of Textile Recycling

Textile recycling is the method of reusing or reprocessing used clothing, fibrous material and clothing scraps from the manufacturing process. 
Fleece, flannel, corduroy, cotton, nylon, denim, wool, and linen. What can you do with these fibers when you’re finished wearing them, sleeping on them, or draping them over your windows? One way to benefit both your community and the environment is to donate used textiles to charitable organizations. Most recovered household textiles end up at these organizations, who sell or donate the majority of these products. The remainder go to either a textile recovery facility or the landfill.

Textiles and leather recycling categories

  • Cotton Recycling
  • Wool Recycling
  • Burlap, Jute, and Sisal Recycling
  • Polyurethane Foam Recycling
  • Polyester and Polyester Fiber Recycling
  • Nylon and Nylon Fiber Recycling
  • Other Synthetic Fiber Recycling
  • Carpet Recycling
  • Rags and Wipers
  • Used and Recycled Bags
  • Used Clothing
  • Used Footwear
  • Leather Recycling
  • Textile Recycling Employment
Just the Facts
  • An estimated 13.1 million tons of textiles were generated in 2011, or 5.2 percent of total municipal solid waste (MSW) generation.
  • An estimated 13.9 percent of textiles in clothing and footwear and 17.6 percent of items such as sheets and pillowcases was recovered for export or reprocessing in 2011.
  • The recovery rate for all textiles was 15.3 percent in 2011, 2.0 million tons.

Collecting Textiles
At present the consumer has the option of putting textiles in 'clothes banks', taking them 
to charity shops or having them picked up for a jumble sale
Textiles typically are not sorted at the point of collection, but keeping them clean and free from moisture is important. Once clothes get wet, stained, or mildewed, they cannot be sold for reuse. To prevent contamination, many charities offer enclosed drop-off boxes for clothing or other fabrics. Communities with curbside collection for textiles should educate donors on how to properly bag clothing.
Clothing fabric generally consists of composites of cotton (biodegradable material) and synthetic plastics. The textile's composition will affect its durability and method of recycling.
Fiber reclamation mills grade incoming material into type and color. The color sorting means no re-dying has to take place, saving energy and pollutants. The textiles are shredded into "shoddy" fibers and blended with other selected fibers, depending on the intended end use of the recycled yarn. The blended mixture is carded to clean and mix the fibers and spun ready for weaving or knitting. The fibers can also be compressed for mattress production. Textiles sent to the flocking industry are shredded to make filling material for car insulation, roofing felts, loudspeaker cones, panel linings and furniture padding.
For specialized polyester based materials the recycling process is significantly different. The first step is to remove the buttons and zippers then to cut the garments into small pieces. The shredded fabric is then granulated and formed into small pellets. The pellets are broken down polymerized and turned into polyester chips. The chips are melted and spun into new filament fiber used to make new polyester fabrics.

Outlets for Waste Textiles

All collected textiles are sorted and graded by highly skilled, experienced workers, who are able to recognize the large variety of fiber types resulting from the introduction of synthetics and blended fiber fabrics. Once sorted the items are sent to various destinations as outlined below:


Resold abroad in countries like Pakistan, India, Africa and East European countries

Resold in the U.K. and abroad. Oxfam's Wastesaver provides clothes to Mozambique, Malawi or Angola for emergency use, as well as providing warm winter clothing to former Yugoslavia, Albania, Afghanistan and Northern Iraq.


TROUSERS, SKIRTS, ETC.Sold to the 'flocking' industry. Items are shredded for fillers in car insulation, roofing felts, loudspeaker cones, panel linings, furniture padding etc.


Sold to specialist firms for fibre reclamation to make yarn or fabric.


Sorted into grades to make wiping cloths for a range of industries from automotive to mining, and for use in paper manufacture.

  • Recovery and recycling provide both environmental and economic benefits. Textile recovery:
  • Reduces the need for landfill space. Textiles present particular problems in landfill as synthetic (man-made fibres) products will not decompose, while woollen garments do decompose and produce methane, which contributes to global warming.
  • Reduces pressure on virgin resources.
  • Aids the balance of payments as we import fewer materials for our needs.
  • Results in less pollution and energy savings, as fibres do not have to be transported from abroad.

What You Can Do 
  • Take your used clothes to a textile bank. Contact the recycling officer in your local authority if there are no banks in your area and ask why; they may collect textiles through other means. Alternatively you can take used clothing to local charity shops.
  • Give old clothes/shoes/curtains/handbags etc. to jumble sales.  Remember to tie shoes together: part of the 6% of textiles which is wastage for merchants are single shoes.
  • Buy second-hand clothes - you can often pick up unusual period pieces!  If bought from a charity shop, it will also benefit a charity.
  • Buy things you are likely to wear a long time - a dedicated follower of fashion can also be a green one if items are chosen carefully.
  • Look for recycled content in the garments you buy. This should be on the label, though at present there is no conventional marking scheme and some companies do not always advertise the recycled content.
  • Buy cloth wipers instead of disposable paper products as the product can be used repeatedly.
Useful contacts

Textiles Environment Network (TEN)c/o National Centre for Business and Ecology
Peel Building
University of Salford
Manchester, M5 4WT
t 0161 295 7152
Textiles On
A good educational resource.

Charities Involved With Textile/Shoe Recycling

European Recycling Company LimitedWhitehead House
120 Beddington Lane
Croydon  CR0 4TD
t 020 8288 0303           
Involved mainly with shoe recycling

Oxfam WastesaverUnit 4-6 Ringway Industrial Estate
Beck Road
Huddersfield  HD1 5DG
t 01484 542021     
Salvation Army Trading Co Ltd56-78 Dennington Road
Denington Industrial Estate
t 01933 441086
Scope, Stock & Recycling Dept. (North)25a High Street, Knaresborough
North Yorkshire, HG5 0ET. 
t 01423 862963.

Scope, Stock & Recycling Dept. (South)7, Parsons Street, Banbury, Oxon, OX16 5LW
Tel : 01295 272805    
TRAID (Textile Recycling for Aid and International Development)5 Second Way
Middlesex HA9 0YJ
t 020 8733 2580     

Trade Associations

Textile Recycling Association and RecyclatexPO Box 965
Kent ME17 3WD
t 0845 6008276
Fax: 0845 6008276

Textile Recycling (2001)URN 00/1126.  Published by the Department for Trade and Industry (DTI)
ADMAIL 528 London SW1W  8YT
t 0870 1502 500

Start a Baking Powder Making Business


Start a Baking Powder Making Business
Baking powder is a key ingredient in many cake, cookie and bread recipes; but that doesn't mean you have to pay someone else to make it. Baking powder is a solid mixture that is used as a chemical leavening agent in baked goods. It can be composed of a number of materials, but usually contains baking soda (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3), cream of tartar (potassium bitartrate, C4H5KO6), and cornstarch. (A base, an acid, and a filler respectively.) Baking powder is made by generating these solids, combining them in unique proportions, and then transferring them to packaging. First developed in the mid 1800s, baking powder formulations have changed little since.


To modify the final characteristics of baked goods, leavening agents such as baking powder or yeast are added to recipes. A leavening agent is a material that releases carbon dioxide (CO2) under certain conditions. This creates gas bubbles in the dough making it expand. When the product is baked, air pockets are created resulting in food that is light and crispy. Baking powder is generally preferred to yeast because it produces bubbles much faster. Yeast leavened dough takes anywhere from two to three hours to rise. Baking powder dough takes about 15 minutes.
Baking powder is a white solid that typically has three components, including an acid, a base, and a filler. When water is added to the baking powder, the dry base and acid dissolve into a solution. In this form, the compounds react to produce carbon dioxide bubbles, however, the amount of carbon dioxide produced by this reaction varies. Baking powder determines the final texture of the food and can affect the flavor, moisture, and overall palatability.


The development of baking powders began with the discovery of carbonate materials. One of the first carbonates was potash (potassium carbonate, K2CO3), a material that was extracted from wood ashes. During the eighteenth century, potash production had become a major commercial industry. American colonies exported huge amounts to England where it was used by glass factories and soap manufacturers.
Potash's usefulness to the baking industry was discovered during the 1760s. Prior to this time bakers had to hand knead dough for long periods to get the proper amount of air mixed throughout. For recipes which called for sourdough, pearlash (concentrated potash) was added to offset the sour taste. By chance, bakers found that these types of dough rose quickly. Evidently, the pearlash reacted with the natural acids in the sour-dough to produce carbon dioxide gas. This discovery revolutionized the baking industry.
Over time, wood sources became scarce in England and other sources of carbonates were sought. In 1783 the French Academy of Sciences ran a contest for inventors who could develop a process for converting salt (sodium chloride, NaCI) to soda ash (sodium carbonate, Na2CO3). This contest was won by Nicolas LeBlanc in 1791. In his process, salt was reacted with sulfuric acid, coal, and limestone to produce soda ash. The soda ash was tried by bakeries as a leavening agent and found to be equivalent to potash. Baking soda was soon after extracted from soda ash and used to sooth stomach acids. The superior leavening properties of this material were discovered by American bakeries by the 1830s. It released gas quicker and the aftertaste was not as bitter as soda ash.
Another important development in America was the development of potassium bicarbonate (CHKO3) by Natha Read in 1788. He suspended lumps of pearlash over fermenting molasses. This converted the potassium carbonate into potassium bicarbonate. Unfortunately, this process resulted in a less dependable leavening agent when compared to that manufactured in Europe. In 1834, Dr. Austin Church developed a different process for making baking soda from soda ash. This product is still sold today under the Arm & Hammer name.
During the 1860s, various companies introduced other ingredients in their baking soda formulas and sold them as baking powders. These ingredients behaved in a more controlled way in recipes. Over time, different carbonate and acid mixtures have been sold as baking powders. Today, sodium bicarbonate and tartaric acid mixtures remain the most popular.

Raw Materials

As suggested, the primary components of a baking powder are a dry acid, base, and filler. Each of these materials can have a significant impact on the texture and taste of the finished product.
The most common dry base used in baking powders is baking soda, also called sodium bicarbonate. It is a water soluble white crystalline material, and produces carbon dioxide gas by itself when heated above 122°F (50°C). In addition to its use in baking, it is also used in the production of effervescent salts in medicine to prevent excess stomach acidity and in various types of fire extinguishers.
The type of acid used in a baking powder formula is more varied. The first baking powders used cream of tartar, a powdered acid. It was quick reacting and had to be put in the oven quickly or the gas would be spent. This material was perfect for products like pancakes or muffins. Today, there are four major acids used in commercial baking powders including monocalcium phosphate (CaHO4P), sodium acid pyrophosphate (H2Na207P2) sodium aluminum phosphate (H304P), and sodium aluminum sulfate (NaAl08S2). Monocalcium phosphate is a fast reacting acid which produces a large amount of gas within three minutes of its addition to baking soda. This is about twice the speed of other acids. Sodium acid pyrophosphate is a slower reacting acid and is used in refrigerated biscuit dough recipes. Sodium aluminum phosphate and sodium aluminum sulfate are also slow reacting acids which generate gas when heated. While these compounds are used, most bakers prefer aluminum-free baking powders due to the unpleasant flavor the aluminum can cause in the baked good.
The third major component of baking powders is an inert filler. The most common of these is cornstarch. The cornstarch has three purposes. First, it helps keep the product dry and easily flowing. Without it, containers of baking powder could bind up and form one large mass. Second, it keeps the acids and bases separated and prevents them from reacting during storage. Finally, it adds bulk to the powder to make it easier to measure and standardize.


While a variety of baking powders are available, all of them meet basic standards and generate almost identical amounts of carbon dioxide. The basic difference between all types is the reaction time. There are two categories of baking powders: single acting and double acting.
Single-acting baking powders immediately produce most of their gas when mixed with a liquid. They are classified by the type of acid they utilize. Those that contain cream of tartar and tartaric acid (C4H606) create gas rapidly when mixed with baking soda and a liquid. These batters must be cooked quickly or they will go flat. Slower single-acting baking powders are phosphate baking powders that contain either calcium phosphate (Ca3O8P2) or disodium pyrophosphate (H2Na2O7P2). Aluminum sulfate (AI2012S3) powders react more slowly at room temperature but give a bitter taste to the batter.
Most commercial baking powders are double-acting. These means that initially a small amount of gas is released when it is mixed with a liquid. The primary generation of gas occurs when the batter is heated during cooking. These types of powders allow a batter to be left in an unbaked condition for long periods of time. Often double-acting baking powders have two acids, one which reacts immediately and one that reacts when heated.
A less often used third type of baking powder is baker's ammonia. It results in a light, airy product but can impart an ammonia flavor if not used properly. It is best used in the production of flat cookies, helping to dissipate the ammonia odor during cooking.

The Manufacturing Process

Baking powder is made in a batch process and involves production of the component raw materials, blending, and packaging.

Production of raw materials

  • 1 The manufacture of baking powder begins with the production of sodium carbonate. Known as the Solvay ammonia process, it was first developed in 1861. In this process ammonia and carbon dioxide are passed through a saltwater (NaClH2) solution in an absorption tower. This results in a compound called ammonium bicarbonate (CH5NO3) which reacts with the salt to produce crude sodium bicarbonate crystals and ammonium chloride (ClH4N).
  • 2 The bicarbonate crystals are filtered out using vacuum filters or centrifuges. They are then washed with water to remove any residual chloride. The resulting solid is then conveyed to the calcining operation. Here, the material is heated and reacted with carbon dioxide to produce sodium carbonate, or soda ash.
  • 3 The soda ash is dissolved, carbonated, and cooled which results in crystallized sodium bicarbonate. This solid bicarbonate material is of a purer concentrate than the intermediate bicarbonate formed earlier in the process. It is then laid out on driers to remove most of the moisture. The product is passed through metal screens to produce the desired particle size and filled into drums for storage.
  • 4 The solid acid for many baking powders is tartaric acid. This material is made using potassium hydrogen tartrate, which is a waste product from wine making. The potassium hydrogen tartrate is first purified and converted to calcium tartrate. Using sulfuric acid, the calcium tartrate is hydrolyzed to produce calcium sulfate and tartaric acid. These materials are then separated and the resulting tartaric acid is purified and dried.

Blending the powders

  • 5 The sodium bicarbonate, tartaric acid, and cornstarch are transferred to a blending area. Compounders pour the appropriate amount of each solid into mixing containers. These mixers have large, stainless steel blades that thoroughly combine the powders into a single, homogeneous blend. This material is then transferred through vacuum tubing to the filling machine.

Filling and packing

  • 6 The baking powder is placed in a covered hopper and dispensed into the desired package. Baking powders are packaged in a variety of ways depending on the manufacturer. For home use it is typically sold in a 4 or 10 oz (113 or 264g) can. Restaurants can get baking powder in 5 or 10 lb (2.3 or 4.5 kg) metal cans. Industrial bakeries buy it in 50 or 100 lb (23 or 45 kg) fiber cartons. Filling is typically performed by a rapid, carousel filler which forces a specific amount of baking powder into the package which is then sealed. The sealed containers are placed into cardboard boxes and stacked on pallets. The pallets are transferred to trucks or railroad cars and shipped to local grocery stores or commercial bakeries.
Quality Control
  • To ensure the quality of each batch of baking powder manufacturers monitor the product at each stage of production. The starting raw materials are subjected to various physical and chemical tests to determine if they meet previously determined specifications. Some of the characteristics that are tested include pH, appearance, and density. The finished product is also tested. Typically, the particle size is checked as are the micro-biological characteristics of the powder.

The Future
  • While baking powders have changed little over the last 100 years, manufacturers are always looking for new ways to make a greater profit. The baking powders of the future may be blended with different ingredients to enhance flavor. They may also be specially formulated for specific types of batter to accentuate characteristics such as gas evolution speed, residual flavor, or blending ease. Certainly, in the future manufacturers will find less expensive production methods.

Friday, 22 November 2013

Start a Business of Art Gallery

 Start a Business of Art Gallery 


Open Your Own Art Gallery

Imagine having an exciting, prestigious, and rewarding career as the owner of an art gallery, getting paid to select and sell art.When you start an art gallery, you have the freedom to make your own choices and express your own creative spirit.

You have the luxury of selling the artworks you want to. You can introduce the public to artists you admire. You can discover exciting new artists. You can even create the ideal showcase for your own art if you are an artist yourself.

By opening your own art gallery, you become part of a rich culture, and you may enjoy an excellent reputation as an important part of your community.

The first step towards setting up an art gallery is to set up a proper support team. It is necessary that the owner goes for professionals who have the knowledge of both art and business.   

There are some areas, however, where the owners will need to recruit professional assistance if the need arises:
  • Marketing
  • Graphic design
  • Accounting and finance
  • Public relations
The owners may also outsource some of the above mentioned business activities.

A Proper Business Plan

Like all other business ventures, it is essential to draw up a business plan when aiming to start an art gallery. There are certain areas that the entrepreneurs need to analyze as part of the whole plan:

Product: The owners should be able to identify the sort of business they want to focus on. They should be able to determine the skills of their team members and the prevalent conditions in the market before making any decision as such. It is considered advisable to focus on a unique product, one that is not readily available in immediate vicinity.

Capital requirements: To start with, the financial requirements will vary depending on the nature and size of the art gallery that an entity wants to open. The owners also need to be mindful of critical factors such as deposit and rent, reserves, salaries of employees, exhibitions and inventory, and advertising and marketing that will include advertising, website, publication of invitations and catalogs, and online advertising. Under normal circumstances, an art gallery starts providing profits from the 4th or 5th year of operations.

Location: An art gallery is similar to a retail business in the way that location is important in case of both types of business. After the owners decide on the product they want to focus on, they should analyze and determine an ideal location for their gallery. Ideally, the gallery should be built at the place where the prospective clients are located. The owners should make sure that their gallery is attractive enough so that they can draw the best buyers in town.

Relationship: A good relationship with various entities such as collectors, press, artists, and the competing galleries is of paramount importance for successfully operating an art gallery. Ideally the owners should be responsible for the public relations but if they are not comfortable interacting with others, they should employ professionals who are fairly skilled and experienced in this domain.

Marketing: The owners should have a proper marketing plan where they can create a layout for introducing and promoting their gallery. While creating the plan the owners will be required to consider factors like exhibitions, advertising, public relations, art fairs, and other relevant promotional media.

Equipment needed to open an Art Gallery

The first thing an entrepreneur needs to open an art gallery is substantial wall space. In addition, they require point of sale systems, materials and tools for placing the artworks on stands and walls, cash registers, and credit card processing systems.


Opening an art gallery – the basics

To start with, the art galleries are primarily opened to assist artists in selling their work. The owners also need to be present at the gallery and deal with prospective customers who might or might not have a lot of knowledge regarding art.
The owners need to find out artists who wish to sell their work and decide a commission for the same. They will also be required to deal with leasing agents and building managers to get the space where they will set the art gallery up.
They can also gather valuable experience by working in well known art galleries. This will help them get a good idea of the ways to operate one and also help build up a network with artists, whose works can be used in the future.
The owners should normally look for artists at the colleges and universities as these are the areas where most of the new artists come from. They can also issue advertisements at publications of the local governmental organizations, newspapers, and art magazines for this purpose.

Prospects of an art gallery

It is unrealistic to expect to become a millionaire after opening an art gallery. The Forbes list of richest individuals in the world does not have any art gallery owner. However, an art gallery does provide its owner with a comfortable and fulfilling lifestyle but not before 10 years of operation. The major takeaway of being an art gallery is the whole business process itself and the life that comes with it.

”Making money is art and working is art and good business is the best art.” 
—Andy Warhol

Thursday, 21 November 2013

Start a Carpet Cleaning Business

Start a Carpet Cleaning Business

Carpet cleaners often specialize in deep cleaning, spot cleaning and deodorizing area rugs and wall-towall carpets.       

Starting your own Professional Carpet Cleaning business offers you a wealth of benefits. 
Did you ever wanted to start your own company, be your own boss and make money by yourself? The carpet cleaning business is good idea for a long term profit. You might think it is easy to clean carpets, but it is not so. There is certain specified knowledge about stain removal, general carpet cleaning and basic understanding of the limitations you equipment might have. You need to study these aspects carefully, before offering any service.

There are three general types of carpet cleaning: 
  • Dry foam carpet cleaning, 
  • Hybrid liquid extraction and
  • The steam cleaning method

Each of these methods has its   pros and cons so if you want to offer a professional service then you’d better stick to all of them. Most of the cleaning companies out there use the carpet steam cleaning method, because it is the most effective one. Anyway if you want to start a carpet cleaning business, you will need a good plan and you must have money for start up, because the equipment will be vital for your success.
Picking a good equipment is probably the most important part of your business investment, so you should choose carefully. There are so many different types of cleaning equipment and maybe as many places to buy them. There are many sites about such equipment, some of them offer different types of discounts depending on your purchase. You will find a good discount for your starting business for sure.
After you get your equipment maybe it is time to start working. Oh wait, you will need clients. A great way to popularize your cleaning services is to offer it to your friends and relatives for a discounted price. It will also be a nice experience for you and a chance to correct mistakes that may come along your working. We all know that people like to talk about things that happen to them, especially if they were impressed. So this is a good way to spread the word and get clients. 

 Carpet Cleaning Methods

Hot Water Extraction or ‘Steam’ Cleaning:

The term “ steam cleaning” is misleading since true steam is never used to clean carpets (the high temperature would do serious damage to carpet fibre and backing). Portable or truck-mounted equipment is used to spray hot water and detergent solution into the carpet pile at a high pressure and then is immediately extracted (vacuumed out) along with the suspended soil particles. Some machines may have rotary brushes or another agitating device to work the solution into the pile and loosen soil.

Factors that affect the results of this method are:

 • operator skill and knowledge
 • solution temperature
 • spray pressure
 • vacuum power
 • pre-spray: spraying solution on the carpet (particularly very soiled areas) some time before extracting

Notes: Some “truck-mounted” units are merely portable units bolted onto the truck. The best truck-mount machine would be powered by the truck’s engine and not your residential electric supply. These units tend to have stronger vacuums and remove more moisture than portable
units. Anytime a rotary brush is used the potential for carpet fibre damage exists if the type or use of the brush is incorrect.


In this method, detergent solution is released onto the carpet through openings in a rotary brush, whose rotary action converts the solution into foam and works it into the carpet. Once dry, vacuuming removes the residue containing loose, encapsulated soil. At times, chemicals may be added to the detergent solution to reduce odors, retard soiling, brighten colors and/or speed drying.
Notes: If the vacuuming is not done thoroughly and effectively, the residue left in the fibres can act as a soil magnet causing re-soiling very quickly.

Combination of Hot Water Extraction and Shampoo:

As the name implies, this method uses both Hot Water Extraction and Shampoo. This process is particularly effective for cleaning highly soiled carpets, with heavy oil/soil build -up, the process has two steps:
 • Shampoo using rotary brush to loosen soil
 • Hot Water Extraction using water rather than detergent solution to remove shampoo Some units may combine both steps. It is  usually more expensive because of added labor costs.
Notes: For residential cleaning, Hot Water Extraction on its own is usually enough to clean most carpets and rugs with pre-spotting of highly soiled areas as required.


A variation of ‘Shampoo’, Foam is generally applied onto the carpet, usually from aerosol containers, and worked into the carpet with a dry sponge. Once dry, the residue containing suspended soil is simply vacuumed away. Since foam uses little water, there is no danger of over-wetting and the connectedcomplications. For the same reason, this method is not as effective as the “wetter” methods!
Notes: Some foams may leave a residue that is difficult to remove, acts as a soil magnet and may causeproblems with subsequent wet cleaning.
Similar to ‘Shampoo’, Bonnet cleaning employs an absorbent pad (‘bonnet’) attached to the bottom of arotary machine. Detergent solution is sprayed onto the carpet then the rotary pad is used to agitate and remove the soil suspended in the solution from the carpet. Once one side of the pad gets soiled, the sides can be reversed. Some pads have special “scrubbing strips on them. When both sides get soiled, the pad can be replaced and later cleaned.
Spin Bonnet cleaning is often the preferred method in maintaining large commercial office buildings.

Absorbent Dry Compound:

A dry compound containing detergent/ solvent is sprinkled onto the carpet and worked into the pile using machines. The soil particles get encapsulated in the absorbent dry compound and are removed by vacuuming. Since this method does not use any “wet” process, there is no danger of over-wetting.

In-Plant Cleaning:

This type of cleaning is ideal for specialized cleaning of loose or valuable rugs. The rugs are sent through a duster that extracts soil more effectively than routine vacuuming. They are then washed and hung to dry in a controlled air environment. The cleaning company may also offer a special service for repair of valuable rugs, using special equipment.
Notes: Generally in-plant cleaning is more expensive than other methods. One possible way to reduce the cost would be to deliver and pick up your carpet. If you have a valuable rug, as many oriental rugs are, check the reputation and credentials of the cleaning company before entrusting them with your treasure.

  • Commercial Carpet Cleaning Machine and Equipment's

  • The Rotovac 360i is a Patented Rotary Jet Extractor that utilizes rotary vacuum heads to thoroughly deep clean carpet with hundreds of multi-directional cleaning passes.  The 360i weighs only 39 lbs and is extremely easy to use as it operates in a self propelled side to side motion. Simply stated, “The 360i cleans better with less effort."

  • Cleans better with less effort and leaves carpet drier than a wand
  • Interchangeable heads for all type of Carpet and Tile Cleaning
  • User friendly, weighs only 39lbs
  • Telescoping handle for cleaning stairs and compact storage
  • Durable Construction with Cast Aluminum and Stainless Steel Frame
  • Unique Marketing Tool to land new accounts and generate referral business
  • Industrially Engineered for Professional Use
  • Made in the USA

For more detail click on below link