Saturday, 21 January 2012

Start a RFID Making Unit

(268).Start a RFID Making Unit
      

What is RFID?Radio Frequency Identification is a technique to identify an object using air as a medium, using radio signals to interrogate and identify the tagged object.

All radio frequency identification systems consist of five main components:
  • A RFID tag which could be either an active or passive tag.
  • A RFID interrogator [also called a Reader].
  • An air interface for wireless connectivity.
  • A Processing architecture such as a computer system.
  • Applications which could use the RFID information for further processing eg. inventory management, road toll payments etc.
.

How does it work?
RFID uses radio waves within a Read zone, also known as a "RF-Portal" to communicate information from the RFID tag to the reader and vice-versa. The reader is responsible for storing valuable information it receives from the tag to an application programming interface [API] or middleware which eventually sends information to the final application software.

Whats an RFID Tag?
A tag is a package that can be attached to a physical object. This package houses an antenna which receives radio signals from an interrogator and transmits information back to the interrogator. An embedded integrated circuit in the tag, also known as a microchip, provides the intelligence for the tag. Innovative solutions can be created by the different variables available in the tag design. The tag intelligence is determined by the memory available on the microchip which can hold a unique serial number, or possibly additional unique data to drive various database applications.
Tags are available in various sizes/designs/form factors. The form factor is determined by the antenna size, onboard memory, microchip type and powersource. Tags with built-in powersource aka batteries are known as active RFID tags. Tags which rely on capturing energy from the Radio frequency radiated by the interrogator are called passive tags, and are usually smaller than active tags.



What's a RFID Reader?
A Radio Transmitter and receiver, also known as a transceiver, which works on select frequency band is used as a RFID Interrogator.The Transmitted RF energy is radiated with the help of suitable antenna. The Tag Capture the energy and transmit back the data stored on itself to the reader. The antenna receives the transmitted data by the tag and feds it back to the RFID Reader. The Reader has algorithms to analyse the received signal and feed it to the database system.

Reader transmits and receives a signal using typically upto four antennas.| Air-Interface: Radio waves between reader and tag form the Air-interface.| Tag/Transponder: Tag captures energy from the Rf radiation, sends a radio signal back to the reader which is decoded by the reader

How is the information received from the tag useful?
The information received back from the tag can be fed to a database system such as a legacy software, an ERP or a SCM or a networked cluster of application servers. Edgeware, middleware and IT systems form networks of creating and completing the circle of the lifecycle of the trace and track of the objects. Additional solution specific information can be found here [to link to solutions pages]

 am a barcode user, Are there any advantages of Using RFID?






To understand RFID benefits, it is useful to compare its capabilities to an existing industry standard in object tracking and identifying-which is the Barcode. Technology experts for RFID have proclaimed that RFID will eventually replace the barcode. Though it may be possible to combine barcode and rfid technologies to achieve certain business needs, barcode is not replacable today due to certain RFID tag costs. Though it would be simple to think, a RFID solution is not a mere replacement of barcode. It is a much more evolved and has certain distinct advantages over the barcode.


RFID Size:

Rfid : Available in sizes ranging from postage stamps to burly sizes.
Barcodes [BC]: are larger than the smallest tag. Typical barcode should follow a minimum size for scan-ability.


Visibility:

RFID: Rfid tags need not be visible to a reader. Mere presence in the readzone is sufficient for a successful scan.
Barcode BC: Barcodes need to be presented to a scanner at a precise angle. This causes delays in scannings.


Lifespan:

RFID: Tags have no moving parts and can be in protective material for an in-destructible case with a multi year lifespan.
Barcode BC: Barcodes can also be considered to have an unlimited lifespan. However the BC labels are subject to degradation with handling. In some cases, oils from human hands can start to degrade the barcode. Thermally printed barcodes degrade in high temperature environments. To place a barcode in an industrial case, would add more cost, which makes the RFID tag even more attractive.


Performance in Harsh Environment:

RFID: Tags can be placed in extreme environments and perform to specifications, thereby allowing organisations to handle a variety of industrial, material handling and asset management applications.


Barcodes usually do not sustain their specifications in extreme harsh environments. They are sensitive to the environments and degrade once they have been used, stored or handled in a non-office environment. Barcodes become illegible in frosty, low temperature environments and adhesives can fail in extreme temperatures.


Product codes:

RFID: Data is stored on the tag's internal memory and its database provides significant capability to encode valuable information such as
1. Tag originator,
2. User data as required by the industry/application
3. Serial number as required by the industry/application. This is future proofing and is built into the RFID architecture. Even future changes in any of the above information can be re-written onto the tag. This reduces human intervention and associated costs.


In case of barcodes, additional info beyond the basic parameters is not feasible because the size of the bar-code will not be able to keep up with the demand for new numbers as the SKU [stock keeping units] population increases. Furthermore, packaging sizes and industry standards tend to limit barcode capacities.


Counterfieting:

RFID: Tags are produced with a UIC [unique identity code] or a serial number from the manufacturer. This is embedded digitally and cannot be changed on field, thereby rendering the rfid tags extremely resistant to counterfeiting. Latest EPC-global and ISO tags house 32bit password security to make it more difficult to tamper with the data stored on the tag.


Barcode BC: Barcodes are easily duplicated and attached to products. This leads to a lot of losses in various industries and applications. An alternate to such pilferage and losses is to find an anti-counterfeiting technique.


Real-time updates:

RFID: Tags can be written on and offer on-board memory to retain information. this feature can be used to retain calibration history, preventive maintenance records, patient medical updates within a hospital, etc... Updates can be done automatically requiring no human intervention.


Barcode BC: Barcodes lack this feature. Once a bar-code is printed, the data is not changeable. Attaching barcodes again for changed data is quite laborious and is thus un-competitive compared to tags for any use which would require such updates.


Trace-ability:

RFID: The combination of UIC, userdata and various other information onboard the embedded memory makes it possible to track, recall or document the life-stage of a single item or object, in real-time, thus saving time which would otherwise be spent in doing the same.


Barcode BC: Barcodes are limited to providing data information and do not help in tracking, recalls or documentation of items, as these functions require scanning each item for verifying, which is a very time consuming activity.


Scanning:

RFID offers a range from a few inches to hundreds of feet and do not require line of sight. Meaning the objects to be scanned do not require to be visible to the interrogator. This means that individual tags placed within a carton or packed in a box, need not be taken out for presenting to the scanning device. RFID uses radio waves for scanning and this technology allows for use within many such mediums. The medium needs to be RF friendly, which is very commonly the case in recent packing materials. RF waves find difficulty when used around liquids and metal objects. However there are means to overcome such un-friendly nature of certain materials, which needs to be addressed case to case.


Barcode BC:Barcodes offers a range of a few inches and require line-of-sight to read the code. The bar code needs to be presented to the scanner in an orientation and at a distance that is very limited. Individual reading requires that each box on a pallet be opened and the item pulled out in front of the scanner for presentation and identification.


Simultaneous Reads:

RFID standards have algorithms to support simultaneous reading of tags at one time, by more than one device. In the case of a retail outlet, the items in a shopping cart can be identified without pulling them out to present to a barcode like scanner. The RFID interrogator can identify up to 200 unique Ids per second, enough for any application as of today. Once the items are identified, an appropriate bill can be printed within moments. One can even put two readers in a single read zone to reconcile read information for any audit requirements.


Barcodes are limited to reading only one code at a time and is unable to support simultaneous reads. Wrong readings might never get diagnosed until damage is done. It does not offer any online audit benefits.


Costs:

RFID: High volume tags are currently costing US$ 0.15 to 0.15 each. With the potential to continue dropping as per volumes. However if the total cost of ownership is looked at, the tags gain phenomenally in advantages. tags have other advantages that ease the adoption by high value items or objects such as Jewelery, High Fashion Apparel, High value footwear etc. At the Logistics level, Pallet level usage is a wide application base. In certain cases, even Carton level tagging is advantageous. Its only a matter of time until RFID tagging can be rolled out to a consumer level item tagging application base.


Barcode BC: High volume barcode labels are less than US$ 0.01 today. This, if looked from only the cost point of view, is a clear advantage to barcode adoption and continuity. However, the lack of various benefits that RFID can offer, would make Barcode usage a point to be reviewed very soon.


Inventory automation, Item stock reconciliation and Item level tracing:

RFID offers a unique advantage over barcode as far as stock taking procedures are considered. A warehouse with over 20,000 sq. feet and over a million SKUs' can be counted and physical stock can be reconciled with book stock within a matter of minutes with 100% accuracy and zero loss of productive time. No stopping of dispatches or production beyond the time taken to count stock, leads to a considerable saving in indirect costs.


Barcode BC: Conventional barcode based inventory management requires each item to be scanned. This itself leads to a slowing down of the stock taking operation. A similar sized warehouse having equal number of SKUs' would take anywhere between 20 to 25 mandays. This adds up direct manpower costs. The indirect losses such as holding up of production lines, despatches and in turn account recievables amounts to an additional cost of business. An individual item being overlooked is also not ruled out, as the scanning relies on human intervention and skill level.


Object Tracing:

RFID: Searching for a particular SKU in a RFID environment involves using a handheld and moving around in the warehouse/shelves etc. The SKU to be found is to be entered onto a software on the Handheld. The Handheld interrogates the area in front of it for the exact item as desired. Only the exact tag will reply to the reader, and once found, the handheld gives either a visual or audible alarm for the user that the match is found. This method saves a considerable time and applications are plenty for this. It is guaranteed to be more than 50 times faster than a conventional barcode SKU search.


Barcode: A barcode environment also offers the use of a handheld. However, scanning each item for an exact match involves scanning each item and going on to the next untill a match is found. This is a very time consuming process. In fact, barcodes speeds are not more than 2 items per second.


Re-usability:

RFID tags are available in various packaging. They are available as a reusable tag too. This re usability allows for some elimination of the manual task of replacing a barcode, thereby allowing for a faster, consistent and automatic data entry of information onto a new product. Re usability permits more efficient methods of processing items, events or transactions. Most of these advantages can be utilized in the warehouse and distribution environments too.


Barcodes are just not reusable. If at all, any re usability is desired, an appropriate packaging would add cost, and in this case, the RFID would definitely look attractive.


Faster Return of investment.

Rfid technique if used intelligibly and wisely offers a much better ROI and it is also a sound investment. Considering the other advantages RFID offers, an RFID implementation makes much more business sense.


Barcode is a fixed low ongoing cost.
As is evident from the points above, BarCode has the disadvantages as compared to RFID as demonstrated above. These disadvantages does not make barcode a favorable candidate for a new implementation. Replacing an existing barcode environment with a RFID environment is also advisable if even one of the disadvantages of barcode is visible in any organisation.

Railroads face a complex set of economic and operational challenges like competitive freight pricing, asset utilization and competition with trucking, capital expenditure levels, industry consolidation.

The RFID solution

Automated tracking of railways: Automated tracking of railcars via RFID tags, and make railcar location information available to railroads for asset management and other purposes 

Traffic and Passenger Information: The system provides accurate and reliable information about where a train is located. This real-time information is forwarded to IT systems and used to update the passenger information displays at stations and terminal. 

Operation and Maintenance: Precise information about the configuration of wagons within a train can be provided automatically by the system. This information can be integrated with other systems such as track inspection systems, so that the recorded information can be automatically matched to the actual wagon, thus eliminating errors. 

Location of the Train: The System with the help of the reader determines the location of the train by reading the tag identity as the train passes over the tag at speed. This location data is transferred to the onboard system and can be used to update passenger information automatically.
T
raditionally, Parents always have been at the worrying edge concerning the safety of their children en-route to school, and the Schools always have been having to be responsibly transport the students to and from their respective homes.
  • Problem in teachers and parents communication;
  • Problem in providing Information to parent that their children have safely arrived or left school.
The use of RFID helps reduce the concerns by automating the detection of entry/exit of children at the gates of the school.

The RFID solution

P
arent can be informed, by sending message that their kids have safely arrived or left school gates. 
Arriving: Each student wears a tag with unique ID . When he enter the gate, reader nearby detect tag ID immediately and upload information to system to inform his/her parents via SMS or email. 
Leaving: When student leave school, the reader nearby detect tag ID immediately and upload information to system to inform his/her parents via SMS or email.
  • Student attendance checking
  • Students don't have to stop in queue, to slide card one by one. The system automatically record all attendance information.
  • Builds a unique user-friendly messaging system, Teachers and parents can communicate conveniently

School notice:

Teachers can inform their parent about their meeting, payment, etc.

Student status notification:

Teachers send evaluation of students to their parent, such as behavior in class, homework, behavior comments, exam grades, recent status. 
Even parents can send message to teachers in charge of class or school principals.
This solution can be scaled up to involve student tracking within the campus, such as visits to the Library, Play area, Food-court and other various internal facilities.
Tracking school staff such as janitors/housekeeping staff, teaching staff, etc can also be done to enable quick paging for emergencies etc.
SKRFID has built a seperate website to address the school and educational community. Do visit http://www.rfid-in-school.com for more details.
B
eing a high value commodity, maintaining accurate and reliable stock is quite essential to a Jewellery Store. Current practices do not give accurate or reliable stock figures due to human intervention. An Automated Stock Checking solution is a very much sought requirement. Waste of time during each manual stock taking exercise, leads to unproductive and inefficient workforce. Loss of sale due to an overlooked, out of stock condition is a hidden and indirect loss to the business.

The RFID solution


    to the above mentioned problems, can provide end-to-end solution for the jewelery industry designed to manage the tracking, distribution, sales and flow of jeweleries. 

The system can facilitate automatic, speedier, accurate and multiple object identification, accounting, stock-taking, all of which tremendously improves the efficiency of the workforce. 
The system can provide quick access to detailed inventory with information about which items are selling best, thus replenishment of stock. Detailed information as to the gold content, number of carats of precious stones, making charges etc, can be entered once into the system, and later referenced each time an inquiry is raised, keeping in line with changed prices of gold or any items as on sale day. This removes the effort of calculation each time by the store sales people. The productivity is automatically increased by virtue that the salesman now focuses on increased sale rather than getting into repetitive tasks. 

T
he system also have the interface with an Electronic Asset Surveillance [EAS] system, which can prevent theft of tagged objects. All billed objects tags can be "killed", thus actual sold objects do not activate the EAS alarms.

Benefits of the system include

  • Better Inventory Management

    • Accurate Stock Checking, lowers inventory costs for high value items.
    • Saves time by avoiding manual stock checking.
    • Increased visibility over the Stock.
    • Reduction of stock conditions.
  • Guard your Assets

    • Provides Electronic Asset Surveillance security for expensive Jewels.
  • Increased Efficiency

    • Sales men do not waste time calculating item prices, the details are available just by keeping tagged jewellery on designated RFID portals.
    • Multiple items can be tracked and scanned at the same time, enabling fast billing at Point of sale.
    • Minimized queues at billing desk
    • I
      magine shopping without money, sales clerks or even cash registers. All you have to do is walk in, find your items and walk out. In future, Special technology within retail stores may help you find footwear/apparel item you want, recognize these items - when you leave without stopping to check out, and charge your bank account automatically. 
          Because it's fast-moving, trend-driven, has progressive manufacturers, retailers and customers and a global supply chain that's often managed remotely, the apparel/footwear industry is a perfect fit for the promise RFID technology offers.

      Benefits of the system include

      • Speedier Stock Taking
      • Accurate Stock Figures.
      • Minimized Out of Stock conditions.
      • Traceability of products in the stores or shop floor.
      • Electronic Asset Survilience [EAS] for anti-theft
      • Multiple Items scanning at billing desk
      • Quicker Queue management,Ensuring minimized queues at billing desk
      • Reduced Indirect costs of mistakes caused due to manual counts
      • Quick Return of Investment
      • W
        orld wide gas company's experience problems with field and empty cylinder. Inventory optimision returnable cycle, shrinkage due to carelessness or malicious intend and poor route optimision.
            All this problem can be eliminated or reduced by automatic real-time point of transaction datbase system, updating during each of the function across the supply chain. This are targets for RFID. 

        The RFID solution

            Individual cylinder can be tagged and registered on the database application. This tag clyinder can subsequently be mass and individually indentified in the cylinder life cycle by means of hand - held and /or fixed indentification devices, in order to update information related to the following variables :
        • Field status.
        • Inventory level at filling station,Distributors and in the warehouses
        • Geographical location in user cycle
        • Date and time stamps.
        • Inspection and maintenance relate information.
         How to improve highway efficiency, mechanical attrition, fuel consumption, vehicle exhaust, speeds up the vehicle passage, and minimizes the possibility of mistaken and unsuccessful collection.

        The RFID solution

            Is designed for modern traffic especially the highway toll collection. The RFID technology enables a nonstop, automatic and accurate fee collection without cash or human interference. 
            This reduce mechanical attrition, fuel consumption and vehicle exhaust, speeds up the vehicle passage, improve highway efficiency, and minimizes the possibility of mistaken and unsuccessful collection. 

            In the parking and vehicle access industries, RFID can be used in a solution for secure and convenient hands-free access control. It provides hands-free, automatic identification of vehicles for safe access control and is well suited for commercial and corporate parking areas, gated communities, airport parking, university parking and hospitals. 

            Installation sites achieve a “non-stop” vehicle access at sites equipped with gates that open slowly. With the system, the parking now becomes secure, with barrier-enforced entrances and exits. The solution can come with an automated, efficient monitoring system that allows for accurate vehicle tracking as well as records, the in-and-out access events of the vehicles. 

            From a security perspective, It is a safe way of entry and exit, as the driver does not have to stop the vehicle. From an economical point of view, a non-stop solution will decrease fuel consumption and is more environmental friendly. Removing the RFID tag from the parked vehicle also prevents vehicle theft, since it cannot leave without authorized tag. The tag comes in a variant that would tear the rfid circuits within itself, thus ensuring that the RFID tag is not misused elsewhere. 

            The system can also be used to add further value to the vehicle identification solution. A reader can be, for example be linked to a fuel pump or a scale, where the weight and tag data of the vehicle are transmitted to a central computer. By weighing the vehicle before and after loading/unloading, the weight is automatically entered into the system. The information can be, for example be used for invoicing, time stamps or wastage control and prevent tampering with the correct data. 

        Globalization of manufacturing activities, as resulted in a rise in container based shipments. Worldwide container yards have been overwhelmed with the volumes of containers to be identified and managed.Gathering precise arrival time of the container at the container yards and arranging further transportation efficiently is a huge challenge for yards managers. 

            All this problems can be eliminated or reduced by automatic real -time point of transaction database systems, updating during each of the function across the container movement path. 

        The RFID solution


        This is a target for RFID. A UHF RFID solution for container management can be design to accommodate the harsh environment of container stuffing processes and metal mounting environment. 

            Individual containers can be tagged and registered on the database application. This tagged containers can subsequently be Individually identified in the stack of containers by means of hand - held and /or fixed identification devices,in order to update information related to the following variables : 
        • container in time
        • container stack position.
        • geographic inventory of containers.
        • shipment status.


            RFID enabled warehouse management solution - Aims to improve the efficiency of your warehouse management operations and improve the productivity of your employees in the warehouse. If you have already implemented any other warehouse management systems, RFID enable them by implementing a robust RFID hardware and software infrastructure and seamlessly integrate them with your existing systems. 

            RFID Enabling your warehouse, Will now provide your existing WMS with real-time information on inventory levels, their locations, inventory receipts and shipments. No more manual processes required for data entry or bar code scanning for capturing this information in your information systems. 

        Benefits of the system include

            Increased Operational Efficiency
        • Automates identification of goods entry and exits in the warehouse and thereby improving the efficiency of receiving and shipping processes.
        • Helps in locating products quickly, Enabling faster shipments and servicing of orders.
        • Very quick Inventory accounting compared to the time consuming manual processes.
        • Eliminates paper work, if WMS is going to be implemented for the first time.
        • Enables temporary storage of pallets in non-designated locations at times of high volume handling, As it is easier to locate the pallets easily later.
        Optimized inventory : 
        • Provides real-time visibility of inventory.
        • Provides accurate information on quantity, location and status.
        • Alerts when inventory goes below safety levels, Enabling quick replenishment of inventory.
        • Reduced inventory levels and better utilization of warehouse space.
        • Increased Accuracy: 
          • Easier reconciliation process between goods received/shipped with material receipts/ purchase orders from enterprise systems as the goods are identified and authenticated automatically and accurately in real time.
          • Having real-time information about inventory, Increases accuracy of inventory data in the system.RFID enabled warehouse management solution,Aims to improve the efficiency of your warehouse management operations and improve the productivity of your employees in the warehouse. If you have already implemented anyother warehouse management systems, RFID enable them by implementing a robust RFID hardware and software infrastructure and seamlessly integrate them with your existing systems.
          • RFID enabling Warehouse will now provide your existing WMS with real-time information on inventory levels, their locations, inventory receipts and shipments. No more manual processes required for data entry or bar code scanning for capturing this information in your information systems.

          • The following is an article demonstrating how a manufacturing unit can be RFID Enabled.Though the example is for an automobile manufacturer, the same principles can be applied to any other process manufacturer.

            RFID Solution

            How Automotive Manufacturing WIP Delivers Results:
            • If you've never set foot in an automotive factory, here's the scene: The assembly process involves multiple stages. During stage one, the as-yet wheel-less vehicle chassis is placed on a carrier, a steel frame with wheels.
            • As the vehicle-in-progress moves from stage to stage, additional components are added to the chassis until it's finished. Different vehicles require various stages, numbering up to the hundreds. Not all assembly proceeds this way, but it's common.
            • Manufacturings scale makes this interesting: A typical plant may hold thousands of partially assembled vehicles; It's extremely difficult to track and differentiate them, without reading the serial number. The same is true for numerous and varied auto components.
            • Years ago, Manufacturers began using bar codes to improve vehicle and part identification and tracking. But there was a glitch: bar-code labels don't hold up under manufacturing conditions and metal-etched bar codes don't read accurately. Even worse, as components are added during assembly, lines of sight become obstructed, making it nearly impossible to obtain a reliable bar code scan.
            • In typical WIP applications, workers scan vehicle bar codes as the assembly line moves, logging stage transitions in the manufacturing control system. This manual process may only take a few seconds (assuming an easy scan); but it is done repeatedly on each chassis, as it travels down the assembly line. If each developing car is scanned hundreds of times, Multiplied by thousands of cars being built,it adds up quickly.
            • Real trouble arises when someone misses a scan. This omission not only disrupts tracking and metrics, but it can scramble or delay a special order, since most manufacturers build special order vehicles on the same line as standard vehicles. Further tracking challenges arise if a vehicle is removed from the line due to an exception, such as damage requiring off-line repair. The removed vehicle's bar code must be scanned, Once it's moved to the repair area, or it's essentially missing. This re-scanning is a commonly forgotten action.
            • The automotive industry adopted RFID for WIP years ago; and here's where the technology shines.It has improve upon the bar code technology because it eliminated human intervention, and line of sight visibility needs, In the scanning process.The tags were created to be more durable than the bar codes. The end result is faster, even real-time, and more accurate read rates.
            • These tags used cost about $3.00. That may seem expensive, but consider that the tag, like the carrier, is used hundreds of times. With per-use cost less than a penny, that's a much better value than a single-use tag costing 20 cents.
            • RFID antennas are mounted at each stage. At stage one, the bar code on a vehicle chassis is scanned and associated with the number on the carrier's RFID tag. After that, the bar code needn't be scanned. RFID readers automatically notify the manufacturing system when a vehicle enters or exits a stage. For special orders, a computer connected to an RFID reader displays tasks to perform for specific vehicles as they enter the stage. When a vehicle leaves a stage, that's recorded, so if a vehicle is taken off the line, the system knows the stage to return it to.
            • Clearly the auto manufacturers are finding ROI with these RFID solutions. ROI isn't about the destination; it comes from the journey too -- sometimes along an assembly line.
            •   RFID technology has been used to identify millions of livestock animals around the world. These systems track meat and dairy animals, valuable breeding stock and laboratory animals involved in lengthy and expensive research projects. 

              Benefits Of the system include

              • Provides a basis to quickly and accurately collect data on individual animals.
              • The RFID signal can penetrate body, tissue, wood, plastic, mud, manure, etc. Most RFID livestock applications use passive RFID tags: the tags require no battery, tags last for the life of the animal.
              • RFID tags can create a single lifetime record of an animal and may contain information about the breed/lineage, farm on which the animal was produced, health records and other metrics.
              • RFID records may be shared with the livestock producer, stocker, feeder and the packer.
              • Rfid are typically used in the livestock industry for tracking and accounting for livestock. During many stages of livestock management, It is necessary to record data about a particular animal, and to distinguish between animals. The RFID tags are useful not only for livestock, but in connection with other animals such as salmon and other migratory animals which are observed for various scientific and environmental purposes.
              .A
              S Books are checked out by patrons and then returned and re–shelved, a tremendous amount of labor is required to move and track them. 
              <
              • Traditional security systems have reached their limit in current library management operations. This is even more important because of the demand on libraries to:
              • Increase productivity as budgets tighten .
              • Reduce material handling time.
              • Perform more frequent and accurate inventory to better manage collections .
              • Improve ergonomics of repetitive tasks .
              • Improve customer service.

              The RFID solution

              RFID is the new technology that revolutionizes your library management. 

              • The RFID tag brings new functionality and efficiency to all stages of the library management process. The tags communicate to RFID stations, which are plug and play with any integrated library system, enabling real–time database updates.
              • The RFID tag is paper thin, wireless, readable, and writable. Libraries usually apply it inside the cover of any item. It can be bare or converted into a paper label to be printed with a barcode or with your library’s logo. An antitheft function can be built into RFID tags.
              • Improve the speed and ergonomics of item processing
              • Improve collection management due to the reprogrammable memory of the chip that can record information such as the location of the book in the library, statistics, etc.
              • Assist you and your patrons by integrating the antitheft function at all stages of the life of the item: initial tagging, check–in, and checkout Increase item theft protection without any risk of damage from an advanced security systems.
              • With RFID you don’t need to open the book, look for the barcode, and then deactivate the traditional security system, because it’s all done in one automatic process.
              • Moreover, RFID allows for multiple checkout of books. If the antitheft is integrated into the chip, the ID is then read while the antitheft bit is deactivated. It helps your library reduce material handling, speed up checkout, and reduce patron lines.
              • If your library also employs RFID enabled patron cards, the identification of the patron can be read with the same reader at the same time.
              • Print

                The RFID solution

                • A typical exporter exports goods to foreign lands via containers etc. Sometimes the containers are rented from an agency or they are owned by the organisation itself. From the perspective of the exporter, once the containers, trailers, totes or other mobile assets leave the manufacturer's door, their visibility to the manufacturer is pretty much over. And getting them back is more of a wish than a science. Now it doesn’t have to be.
                • SKRFID suggests an automated solution for mobile asset visibility and security to improve asset utilization and capital deployment, reduce loss, and ensure regulatory compliance. The solution can track all kinds of mobile resources, such as returnable containers, equipment, racks, parts and people. These assets can be within a facility, across a campus or around the globe.
                • The asset management system can use a variety of technologies for tracking and sensing, including barcodes, active and passive RFID, cell, GPS etc. We help you pick the technologies that best fit your needs.
                .

                Benefits of the system include

                • Increased asset utilization
                • Improved capital deployment
                • Improved regulatory compliance
                • Reduced asset and content loss
                • Reduced asset maintenance and repair costs
                • RFID based Asset Management is a perfect solution for manufacturing, distribution and service industry companies who need to better leverage and control their physical assets throughout production and across extended supply and distribution networks.
                F
                ashion Apparel & Textile companies are looking for ways to enhance revenues and market share by adopting modern ways of managing stores and inventory. RFID has now become a centerpiece in their strategic thinking. 
                • RFID provides manufacturers with the ability to accurately track and safeguard goods throughout the entire supply chain to improve operating costs.
                • Benefits Of the system include

                • Apparel retailers benefiting from RFID receive real- time visibility into inventory and product movement to reduce loss prevention, improve store productivity and boost brand loyalty. UHF item - level RFID is ideally suited for the apparel industry since it offer a long range to rapidly and accurately read goods.


                Most large- network textile & fashion companies focus on improving the "store side" of their supply chain and distribution operation
                • Near- real-time or real-time inventory management.
                • better use of staff time.
                • just-in-time adjustment to the store restocking parameters.
                • Shrink & grey market combating.
                .
                Improved market sharepotential return is high, in terms of both financial performance, and competitive advantage on the consumer side.

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