Thursday, 29 May 2014

Start a Smart Clothing Business

Start a Smart Clothing Business

A smart casual dress code includes a variety of options for men and women. Smart casual dress is a step up from business casual, but not as dressy as formal work attire. Smart casual implies that employees have kicked their dressing up a notch from business casual in a smart and well-pulled-together look.
The smart casual look allows flexibility for personal taste in fashion and includes jackets, outfit-enhancing jewelry, dress pants, dress shirts, skirts, tailored sweaters, vests, ties, matching leather accessories, and leather pull on shoes and boots. Smart casual dressing is often adopted by employees who want to look ready for their next promotion. Senior managers in a business casual environment may wear smart casual clothing.
Smart casual dress codes are followed in workplaces such as academia; presenters at business conferences, where attendees attend casually dressed, often wear smart casual clothing.
Browse through these photos to appreciate the look of smart casual dress.
What is it and who is it suited to?
Retail business 
A boutique is a small shopping venue, typically specialising in fashionable items such as clothing and jewellery, which are often handmade or hard to find elsewhere. 

Like many retail businesses, you don’t need any formal qualifications to open a clothing boutique but you will need some business expertise.

Unless you plan to outsource someone to handle your finances, you need to be competent with figures in order to determine stock levels, profit margins, prices and tax returns.

Underlying your business savvy should be a passion for fashion, and an enthusiasm for the products you sell and the service you provide.
 Steps:-
  1. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 1.jpg
    1
    Gain experience: To enter the retail clothing industry it will be an added benefit for you if you have prior experience in this field. Experience will help you to understand the requirements of the business properly.
  2. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 2.jpg
  3. 2
    Specialization: Don't try to focus on different market trends. Instead go for a specific market and offer clothes exclusively for those customers. You can go for wedding clothes, sports outfits, baby clothes and so on. No matter what type of clothes you want to offer to your customers try to maintain the quality.
  4. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 3.jpg
    3
    Business plan: Develop a proper business plan to become aware of any potential problems before they occur, and it will be helpful to secure financing for your business.
  5. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 4.jpg
    4
    Investment: For any clothing retail business you need to make certain investments which can vary depending on store location, size, types of products, etc. Some entrepreneurs are able to self-finance their business out of savings or with help from family. If you need to apply for loans do it accordingly.
  6. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 5.jpg
    5
    Select a location: A good location can do wonders to the success of any retail business. Look for a location that can ensure good traffic and have scope for future growth. For clothing business, there must be ample floor space to display and store your products and parking space for shoppers.
  7. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 6.jpg
    6
    Inventory: You need to stock your clothing retail store with clothes depending upon the need of your target audience. Choose your suppliers and wholesalers and put your order on time so that you get it delivered to showcase it in your store.
  8. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 7.jpg
    7
    Legal aspect: For starting a clothing retail store business you need to obtain a business license and take care of legal issues such as incorporation and setting up tax account.
  9. Start a Clothing Retail Store Business Step 8.jpg
    8
    Marketing: Create a buzz in the market about your retail store business by adopting proper marketing strategies. Marketing should be done in such a manner that it helps in grabbing the attention of your targeted customers.
  10. Costs and earnings


    Your start-up costs obviously depend on the size of your store and the location. Keep in mind the store will need to be fitted out with display rails and shelves, chairs, mirrors and change rooms.

    You can buy many of these items secondhand but the image of your shop will reflect on the clothes, so be wary of using cheap equipment.

    In addition to a cash register, you’ll need a computer, printer and basic accounting software in order to fulfill your administrative duties.

    You may also want to consider investing in a security system, depending on your location and the nature of your stock.

    Finally, you need to purchase your stock and this is obviously an ongoing expense. When you’re starting out, you may have to pay suppliers upfront as they could be wary of giving you credit until you prove that you’re reliable.

    Your turnover will also vary greatly depending on your stock and how much you sell. There will be a higher profit margin on more expensive items but you would expect to sell these less often.

    One way to boost your income is to stock jewellery and accessories, which often have a bigger mark-up than clothes.

    Boutique owners can earn up to $100,000 a year, although losses are expected in the first few years due to initial investments and expenditures.
  11. For more details:-
  12. http://humanresources.about.com/od/dresscodesforwork/ig/Smart-Casual-Dress-Code/
  13. http://www.startupsmart.com.au/planning/how-to-start-a.../how-to-start-a-clothing-boutique/201106102890.html

Start a Body Piercing Business

Start a Body Piercing Business
Ear and Body Piercing BusinessBody piercing, a form of body modification, is the practice of puncturing or cutting a part of the human body, creating an opening in which jewellery may be worn. The word piercing can refer to the act or practice of body piercing, or to an opening in the body created by this act or practice. Although the history of body piercing is obscured by popular misinformation and by a lack of scholarly reference, ample evidence exists to document that it has been practiced in various forms by both sexes since ancient times throughout the world.

The Basics in the Body Piercing Business

Training is the most important thing in any service oriented business. This is especially true in the body piercing business. Customer satisfaction is essential and providing quality and healthy body pierces is a must if you want to succeed in body piercing. Make sure you train under an experienced and reputable body piercer. Taking few courses in sanitation and safety precautions during surgeries is also a must. Following health and safety procedures may spell the success or failure of your body piercing business.
It also helps to take a crash course on how to manage a small business enterprise. Look into the local regulations that govern body piercing businesses. Apply for the necessary permits and licenses. You and your piercing staff may need to get a license from the local government or health inspector.

Materials for Your Body Piercing Business

Location is important. Considering that your market consists of people between 18 to 30 years old, you may want to find a location near a university or college. You can also place your body piercing business near other establishments that may draw people that are interested in body piercing. Collaborating with other businesses such as tattoo, parlor or jewelry stores may also lower your starting capital and draw more customers. Arrange your body piercing shop by having at least two absolutely private piercing areas. Display jewelry at the front of your shop and decorate to show the theme of your body piercing business to attract customers.
Investing in a good body piercing equipment is also a must. Make sure they are sterilized and that your staff follows appropriate hygienic procedures. Speaking of staff, hire at least two body piercers, male and female so that your customers will be comfortable no matter which part of the body they want to pierce. Also hire a person to be both receptionist and cashier.
Body piercing business is not that complicated. All you need is the proper skill and training to succeed. Also, the capital needed is not so much as it usually costs only under $2,000 to start your own body piercing business.

Working Conditions

Body Piercer
Body piercers are often self-employed and will work from a studio or salon which must be registered with the local council. Professional studios will have stringent cleaning processes and dedicated work and preparation spaces.You will likely work normal office hours of 9-5 although some studios may open later and close later. Some studios also stay open later one or two days a week. The working week is likely to include Saturdays. Single piercings are not particularly time consuming but you will need to be able to concentrate for short periods and spend time with clients explaining the risks and aftercare procedures. Due to the semi-permanent nature and risk of infection it is imperative that any piercing is completed in a controlled and hygienic environment.

Types of  Piercing
Ear Piercing
Ear piercing is at the core of the piercing industry. Most young teenage girls have a strong desire to get their ears pierced. But the rest of the body is now fair game for piercing, and we're talking tongues, eyebrows, nostrils, belly-buttons, lips and even a few places where the sun don't shine, as they say.
To get started as a body piercer, you definitely need to do your homework. There are many safety, regulatory, liability and aftercare concerns that you must address to be successful. For example, did you know that piercing has been linked to the infectious liver disease called viral hepatitis? Taking the correct safety precautions ensures that you'll keep your customers healthy, but you need to fully understand what's required before you set up shop as a body piercing business.
If there are no piercing businesses in your area, you're in luck. That gives you a big advantage in getting started. But if you do have competion, you'll need to figure out a way to build your customer base by differentiating yourself from others in some way.

Nose Piercing


Nose piercing also has a long history. This piercing is sometimes done the night before the woman marries.

Piercings of the lip and tongue

Growing popularity in the West


Reasons for piercing

Reasons for piercing vary greatly. A 2001 survey in Clinical Nursing Research, an international publication, found that 62% of people who pierced had done so in an effort "to express their individuality.People also pierce to commemorate landmark events or to overcome traumatic ones.According to the assistant director of the Frankfurt University Teaching Hospital for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, some sexual abuse survivors choose body piercing as a means of "reclaiming body parts from memories of abuse".Piercing can also be chosen for simple aesthetic value, to highlight particular areas of the body, as a navel piercing may reflect a woman's satisfaction with the shape and condition of her stomach. Some people pierce, permanently or temporarily, to enhance sexual pleasure. Genital and nipple piercings may increase sexual satisfaction.Some people participate in a form of body play known as play piercing, in which piercings may be done temporarily on the genitals or elsewhere on the body for sexual gratification.
Piercing combined with suspension was historically important in the religious ceremonies of some Native Americans, featuring in many variants of the Sun Dance ceremony, including that practiced by the Crow Nation. During the Crow ceremony, men who wished to obtain visions were pierced in the shoulders or chest by men who had undergone the ceremony in the past and then suspended by these piercings from poles in or outside of the Sun Dance Lodge. Some contemporary Southeast Asian rituals also practice body piercing, as a form of spiritual self-mortification. Generally, the subject attempts to enter an analgesic trance prior to the piercing.
Bridging the gap between self-expressive piercing and spiritual piercing, modern primitives use piercing and other forms of body modification as a way of ritually reconnecting with themselves and society, which according to Musafar once used piercing as a culturally binding ritual. But at the same time that piercing can be culturally binding, it may also be a means of rebellion, particularly for adolescents in Western cultures.

 For more details:-

http://www.gaebler.com/Opening-an-Ear-and-Body-Piercing-Business.htm
http://smallbusiness.chron.com/start-tattoo-piercing-business-18364.html

Tuesday, 27 May 2014

Start a business of Ice Sculpture

Start a business of Ice Sculpture 

     

Ice sculpting is an amazing hobby that takes an enormous amount of talent. But that talent doesn't have to just be a hobby. Take your sculpting skills and turn them into a profitable ice sculpting business.


What is Ice Sculptures ?
Ice sculpture is a form of sculpture that uses ice as the raw material. Sculptures from ice can be abstract or realistic and can be functional or purely decorative. Ice sculptures are generally associated with special or extravagant events because of their limited lifetime.

Business Overview
If you’re good with your hands and love making beautiful art, you should consider starting your own ice sculpture business and let others enjoy your work. An ice sculpture is a sculpture that uses ice as the material. Ice sculptures can be decorative or functional and are usually seen at weddings and other extravagant events due to their limited lifetime. Sculpting ice is a specialized skill but if you’re an artist who works with clay, wax or wood, you should be able to make a smooth transition to working with ice. You will need a few tools you typically won’t see in an artist’s studio such as a chainsaw, some chisels and a die grinder. Search your area for an ice house that sells ice that is clear and not cloudy. It’s important you start with clear ice so you end up with a clear sculpture. Consider working out some sort of discount deal with your ice supplier since you will be purchasing from him quite often. Business ideas like this one are only successful if the work is topnotch. So it’s important that before you try to sell your sculptures, you practice a great deal. Start with smaller blocks of ice and work your way up to large blocks. You’ll need to be familiar with what each tool does to ice and when to use each tool. Take pictures along the way so that when you’re ready to sell your first piece, you can put photos of your better sculptures in a portfolio (or on your website if you choose to have one) to show to potential clients. You’ll need to work out a delivery method to transport sculptures from your workshop to your clients’ venues. You can either purchase your own refrigerated truck or you can choose to hire a courier with a refrigerator truck to transport your ice sculptures. Make sure the transport vehicle has proper tie-downs so your sculptures are stable and make the trip safely. Market your business by talking with event planners and wedding coordinators in your area. Show them your portfolio or website and give them plenty of flyers that they can then show to their clients. Your marketing materials need to include your price structure so customers know what to expect. You could have a few pieces that you specialize set at one price and if a client wants something unusual for their event (or just something not on your list) you would charge more. You may quickly find that your ice sculptures are the talk of the town and you’ll then be able to raise your prices.
Who would possibly want to learn how to make ice sculptures? The answer is thousands of chefs and caterers. Providing you have the skills and abilities to produce ice sculptures and can teach other people, then you have overcome the first hurdle in establishing a new business venture that teaches students how to make ice sculptures. Ice sculpture classes are best suited to being marketed directly to restaurant and catering company owners by arranging a presentation appointment to display and demonstrate your service. The business does not require an operating location, as you can travel to your client's business location and teach the ice sculpting classes on-site. This is an inexpensive business to establish and there should be no problems charging clients $40 to $50 per hour for the classes.
A Day in the Life of an Ice Sculpture Business Owner:
Your day will begin with a check of any orders you need to complete that day. Depending on how quickly you sculpt, you may only be able to do one or two sculptures a day and you will need a large freezer if you plan to keep them at your workshop for very long. This means you will probably sculpt and deliver pieces in the same day. You will arrange for transport of your sculptures and stay in contact with your clients to make sure the venue is prepared for delivery. On days you are not sculpting, you will work on marketing your business.
About Your Customers:
Your customers will be event planners, brides and anyone else needing an amazing centerpiece for their elaborate event.
What You Need to Start:
  • Ice sculpting skills
  • Relationship with an ice house
  • Sculpting tools
  • Method of transporting sculptures
  • Marketing materials
  • Website (optional)
  • Computer with finance software
The Good:
  • For an artist, sculpting ice is a fun way to show your skills.
  • You can easily run this business part-time.
  • Start-up investment is relatively small.
  • You can charge top dollar for your sculptures.
  • It’s rewarding to provide beautiful ice sculptures to your clients for their events.
The Bad:

  • If you’re not already a skilled ice sculptor, you will need to spend some time honing your skills.
  • It can take some time to sell your first few pieces.

Instructions

1.   Get some tools including a chainsaw, chisels and die grinder. Experiment with other sharp objects and observe the pattern they leave on the ice. If you like one pattern more than the others, add that tool to your toolbox. 

    •  2.   Find ice. Buy only the clearest blocks with no cloudiness in the center. This means purchasing from an ice house that professionally creates blocks perfect for sculpting.
    • 3    Start small. Practice your skills on small pieces of ice and move up to bigger blocks. Become very familiar with working on ice before you try to sell your first sculpture.
  • 4    Set prices for your products. Decide how much you'll charge per ice sculpture-this usually depends on its size. Factor in your cost for the ice and other business expenses such as tool maintenance.
  • Choose if and where you'll deliver which can be tricky. Don't forget that your ice sculpting company can charge a fee for delivery.
  • Market your ice sculpting business. Use any of the following to get your name out there: word-of-mouth advertising, flyers, business cards, brochures or a website. All will help you gain exposure.
  • How to make ice sculptures
  • It's pretty darned easy to make fanciful, colorful ice sculptures right in your own backyard. All you need is a bunch of containers, colored water, a level surface and a good ol' cold winter.


    If you want to see past sculptures from 2008 look here and from 2009 look here. Here's a DYI on making hanging ice balloons and another DYI on regular ice balloons.Be sure to watch the video of the crackling cold ice balloons being harvested (at the end of the slide show). 


    CONTAINERS


    The fun part about making cast-ice pieces is that almost anything that will hold water can be used. Try sturdy plastic, aluminum, copper, steel containers like bundt pans, chip and salsa bowls, cake pans, mixing bowls, pie tins, jello molds, apsic molds, rubber gloves and our absolute favorite type: silicone baking molds. The silicone molds easily yield the frozen ice without any thawing. They aren't affected by the cold. What generally doesn't work are paper or cardboard containers like some nut tins and oatmeal cans. These will eventually absorb the water and blow up in a soggy puddle. Also try large molds like kiddie pools, snow sleds, snow saucers, garbage cans and lids and plastic garbage bags.

    Another characteristic of a container to avoid are ones with undercuts. Some containers have openings or ridges that extend into the inside of the can making ice removal difficult or impossible. Most containers have a little bit of "draft"  (sloped sides) making the ice removal easy. In general, avoid glass containers; the expansion of the water when it freezes will most likely crack the container - Oh my, what a mess! 

    We even like making our own containers like snipping the tops off of pop cans with scissors. This yields round cylinders of ice. Be creative and take a chance. Heck, it's just ice for pete's sake.

    PREPARATION


    Sometimes getting the ice out of a container is just a plain pain-in-the-butt. We tried using Pam cooking spray but haven't had much luck with it as a release agent. If you have a pan that may cause you anguish then spray WD-40 instead on the inside. Ice then pops out. However, this may add another pain-in-the-butt later. You'll be "welding" these pieces of ice together with a light water misting and any release agent left on the ice will be a barrier against an ice joint forming. So we don't like using any release agent at all but instead use hot water to release the ice. It's up to you! 

    You'll need a level surface. We used to use a bank of snow and mash the containers into the snow to level them out. We got smart this year and put a junky table outside and made sure the top was level in both directions.

    Lay all your pans out on the table and add, if you wish, anything you want frozen into the ice. This adds a little drama / interest to the piece. We use golf balls, forks, tinsel, shredded paper, nuts and bolts, Barbie dolls and anything that's lying around. Have fun with this! Remember, you'll get these items back in the spring when this melts.

    We've also been experimenting with wearable ice. A simple lanyard frozen into the piece can turn it into an ice necklace.

    Another trick is to embed one mold in another. The photo below right shows paper cups in a shallow round tray. After the ice freezes and the cups are removed the ice in the tray will have perfect holes cut through. Cool! Even better, you may unmold the paper cups and then place them back into the holes where they came. If different colors are used you can make fantastic ice creations.


    COLORING THE WATER


    You needn't color the water and sometimes we don't but it sure looks cool. We've experimented with a bunch of colorants. A few squirts (about 1/8 cup) of tempera paint in a 5 gallon bucket makes a bright, opaque color. Same with latex paint. Rit liquid tie-dye colorant makes a strong transparent color. We tried Kool-Aid and were disappointed at how much you had to add to get a decent color. We had to add almost the whole container of grape Kool-Aid powder into a 5 gallon bucket to make it color bright and even then it left the ice looking like dirty dishwater! Tang, the orange juice of astronauts, is a great colorant. About 1 cup of the powder in a 5 gallon bucket makes a strong color. Plus, you can lick the ice! Food coloring works so-so.


    We like to use hot water as it is less full of entrained bubbles and produces a clearer ice than cold water.

    We came across a bit of a dilemma last year as we made our ice sculptures on a local lake. We were a bit concerned about using paints in our ice as when the ice melted the paint would, of course, enter the lake. So we used food coloring in limited amounts. This year we are on land in a scrubby field so a bit of paint won't hurt.

    FILLING THE CONTAINERS


    Not much explanation needed here. Take some of the liquid into a small container to ease the pour. Here we use a graduated cylinder. Pour slowly to minimize spilling as excess water will freeze around your mold and then you'll have a stuck mold. Fill almost to the brim of the mold. Be aware that the ice will push up as it freezes.


    UNMOLDING THE ICE


    You'll have to check when the ice pieces are done. Sometimes the larger pieces look and feel completely frozen but on occasion a pocket of water remains in the center. It may not be a problem but sometimes that water dribbles out on to you. On 10 - 20 degree F nights most forms will freeze over night.

    For facts unknown, some forms release their prey far easier than others. Plastic pie tins (they really are plastic and not tin!) let go of the ice easily. Sometimes giving the form a sharp rap persuades the release. Sometimes not. In any case running hot water over the back of the form will cause it to let go. Simply hold the form up-side-down with one hand under to catch the released ice. Run hot water over the bottom and within seconds the ice should fall out. Turn the water off and replace the ice into the mold. Quickly bring the ice outside and put it onto your ice pile.

    STORING THE ICE


    We make a lot of ice for the ice sculpture ice party and need to store it outside. We lay a tarp out onto the frozen ground out of the sun and lay all the ice pieces on that. The tarp is folded over all of it. If the temperature rises above freezing you need a bit of extra protection..We shovel a good layer of snow over the tarp to insulate it. It's worked well to do so.


    MAKING YOUR SCULPTURES


    Hooray, you've successfully made a pile of colorful ice pieces! Now what? Make a sculpture! Plan out in your mind what you want to make and starting from the bottom lay one piece on the other. You can weld the two pieces together with a slight misting from a water spray bottle. If the air and ice are cold enough the two will fuse together. Hold the two ice pieces together for 30 seconds or so and they will stick together.

  • For More Watch  
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hErZ5RYx5Mk

  • Saturday, 24 May 2014

    Start a Doughnut Manufacturing Business




    Start a  Doughnut Manufacturing Business
    Introduction:-
    Simply Doughnuts is a small, independent  British manufacturer. We are based in Blackburn in Lancashire and we have  a passion for innovative, great-tasting food. a small fried cake of sweetened dough, typically in the shape of a ball or ring. A ring-shaped object, in particular a vacuum chamber in some types of particle accelerator.

    An Expert Doughnut Manufacturer
    As you’ll see on our Products page and online Catalogue, we manufacture doughnuts in a broad range of flavours and in three different sizes. Whether it’s a filled jam doughnut or a chocolate covered ring, you can be sure that every product will be fresh, tasty and long-lasting.

    However, besides the usual family favourites, we can produce doughnuts of almost any kind and to your own design and specification. We can also produce doughnuts that are gluten-free or suitable for the vegetarian or halal markets.

    Fundamentally, we offer two long-life doughnut recipes – one based on a traditional cake doughnut mix and another that is yeast-raised.  Both offer great flavour and extended shelf-life and you can buy both of them in our online store.

    Demand

    If you have ever witnessed an auction, then you might have noticed that there are many more low bids for an item than high bids. That is, people are more willing and able to pay a low price for an item than to pay a high price. This willingness and ability to buy something is referred to as demand. The fact that more people are willing to buy at lower prices than at higher prices is called the law of demand.

    Principles of Good Doughnut Production

    Cake doughnuts are unique among all bakery products since they are produced by depositing a fluid batter directly into a very hot, fluid frying medium. The final shape of the doughnut is in no way controlled by any external influence but determined by the formula, precise scaling of ingredients, consistent ingredient quality, frying fat quality, and effective process controls. Adequate control of all these parameters is probably more critical for cake doughnuts than for any other product produced in the bakery. 
    Controls are equally important with yeast-raised doughnuts where factors such as yeast quantity, dough temperature, mixing time, floor time and proving time affect final doughnut quality.  
     Important factors in making good doughnuts
    1. Good prepared mixes   
    Select a mix from a reputable manufacturer and select one of good quality.
    2. Correct water levels   
    It is important to observe the correct quantity of water added to the mix to get the proper dough consistency. If the dough has too much water, the doughnuts appear distorted, produce large holes, and absorb more oil. If the dough is too stiff, it results in thick crust, rough, broken surface on one side and excessive absorption of oil in cracks.
    3. Proper dough handling and mixing   
    Mixing times depend on the richness of the dough, type of flour, and temperature of the dough. An undermixed dough will result in excessive absorption, coarse texture and irregular shape. An overmixed dough will produce doughnuts with large holes, tight grain and texture, excessive absorption, and a knobby irregular surface.
    4. Proper makeup before frying  
    -Cake doughnuts   
    After adding the right amount of water and correct mixing, the batter (recommended dough temperature 24 °C) should be given a rest period (floor time) of 10-15 min before cutting out into fryer.  The rest period allows the batter to continue to hydrate and the leavening to continue aerating the batter]  
    -Yeast-raised doughnuts   
    Dissolve the yeast in the water, combine all dry ingredients together (including the shortening), gradually add water while mixing at medium speed.
    It is important to observe the optimum dough temperature (28 °C). Give the dough 10 mins floor time.
    Knock back dough and portion and cut dough into approximately 2 kg pieces. Shape into round balls until soft and a smooth surface is achieved, to eliminate air pockets and develop a uniform tension in the dough. Cover with a dry cloth for intermediate proofing (ambient conditions, 15-20 mins). This particular step varies with the type of mix used, for example, when using “no-time” (fermentation eliminated) yeast-raised donut mix. Refer to your supplier for directions.     
          - Rolling/sheeting and cutting yeast-raised doughnuts  
    Dough is rolled out by hand or fed into a series of sheeters to reduce thickness. The doughnuts can be extruded by air pressure or by a vacuum-extrusion system and then deposited onto automatic proofer trays (eliminating manual handling, common for automated donut production systems), cut out by cutters over the sheet of dough, or cut out by hand.
        -  Proofing yeast-raised doughnuts   

    The doughnuts should be proofed a little on the “young” side. Twenty minutes is usually sufficient proofing time. Overproofed doughnuts are poor in appearance, lack full flavour, and show increased fat absorption during frying.
    Proof box should be 35 °C to 37.8 °C, with sufficient humidity to prevent crusting. When touched, a properly proofed donut will hold an indentation without collapsing. If the indentation returns to the surface, the donut is underproofed. If the donut collapses when touched, it is overproofed.
    5. Proper frying   
    Cake doughnuts   

    Cake doughnut batter is pushed through a handheld or a mechanical depositor, where the doughnut shape is produced by the type of plunger or attachment used. Plunger shapes can be plain, star, french cruller, krinkle, old-fashioned, ball, stick, or if using attachments, crescent or dunkerrete. 
    Set the fryer to 190°C with clean frying oil and a frying depth of 5 to 8cm. Fill the depositor with batter and check the drop weight. An average weight is 40g per drop. Transfer batter to machine or hand dropper and drop from 2.5 to 4cm into frying oil at 190°C. Allow donuts to rise to the surface of the oil for 30 – 40 seconds and flip over for another 30 – 40 seconds.
    Frying at lower temperatures does not seal the surface rapidly enough, and excessive absorption results. Temperatures above those levels prevent proper expansion and may produce soggy interiors. 

    Doughnut batter in depositor

    6. Proper care of shortening   
    Particles that accumulate in the fryer should be removed otherwise the oil will smoke, and can also result in excessive colour darkening, oxidation and development of free fatty acids.


    7. Proper finishing   
    Cake doughnuts   
    Transfer the cooked donuts to a draining tray and allow to drain for a minute or two before rolling in cinnamon sugar. Allow to cool further if applying icing or other decoration  
    Yeast-raised doughnuts should be glazed hot, immediately out of the fryer. The doughnuts are conveyed through the glaze at about 38°C. Using wire screens, the doughnuts go through the glaze and held on the screens until the glaze drains and sets up.

    International Market  Position -   This position will successfully meet these objectives by partnering with local country franchisee marketing/operations teams in analyzing local marketplace/business/consumer trends, developing annual and long-range marketing plans, developing new market/store opening plans, developing product innovation plans and ensuring execution of all marketing programs adhere to Krispy Kreme brand standards.  The International Marketing Manager: Latin America plays a key role in championing local market needs, driving support of those needs from the broader Krispy Kreme organization and delivering business-building solutions to address those needs.  This position works with the Senior Director – International Marketing and Krispy Kreme International team management to develop/grow the capabilities of the local marketing team and continue to develop and grow the Krispy Kreme brand in the Latin America market.

    For more details:-
    http://www.netplaces.com/economics/supply-and-demand/demand.htm

    http://rvoshare.wordpress.com/2010/07/28/doughnut-production/