Friday, 13 April 2012

Start Cement Paints Making Business

 

(304). Start Cement Paints Making Business
Cement paints are covered under Powder Paints which are used for exterior cemented walls, all types of masonry surfaces like Bungalows, Multistoried buildings, Bridges, Dams, Houses, Buildings of General Public, etc. and can also be used for Interior as well as exterior masonry cemented surfaces. A wide range of colours and shades in cement paints have been developed and manufactured to meet various choices, moods, service conditions, and methods of application, performance and economic requirements. Cement paints are widely used by general public and Government Departments, and establishments. Cement paints give following excellent properties to any masonry surface:
1) Cement paint gives very good protection to all kinds of masonry surfaces from Ultraviolet rays present in sunrays.
2) It gives very good protection from severe climatic conditions like rain, heat, water, humidity, salt atmosphere near sea-shores, to all types of cemented walls, surfaces.
3) It prevents growth of fungus and bacteria on masonry surfaces.
4) It gives very good colour and pleasing appearance to all types of masonry surfaces.
5) Cements paint hides out various surface irregularities, hair lining, roughness etc. thereby giving smooth and pleasing appearance to all cemented masonry surfaces where it is applied. Cement paints normally give smooth and matt finish. The machines and equipments for the manufacture of cement paints are indigenously available and are not very expensive also. The process and technology being simple, this item is suitable for development in rural and backward areas. Cement paint produces a smooth, matt finish, is strongly water repellent and weather proof. It is hygienic and an excellent light reflector, requires minimum curing with water, without peelings, flaking or rubbing offs.
Market Potential
Since the cement paints gives high order of protection, decoration, beautification and durable properties than the normal whitewash. It is extensively used on all types of emented masonry surrfaces like Bungalows, multi-storied building, bridges, dams, general public buildings, houses etc. The demand of cement paint is increasing with the general requirement of human beings throughout the country. Cement Paints have a very good market and a very promising future. There is a substantial demand for Cement Paints from Government sectors like DGS and D, State PWDs, CPWD, Railways, Defence, State Electricity Boards, Govt. of India Enterprises, State Govt. Enterprises, various contractors, architects and engineers.
Basis and Presumptions
1. The information supplied is based on a standard type of manufacturing activity utilizing conventional techniques of production and optimum levels of performance.
2. The estimates are drawn for a production capacity generally considered techno-economically viable for a model type of manufacturing activity.
3. Interest rate is taken as 14%

4. Operative period of the project is around 10 years considering technology obsolescence rate and period of repayment of loan.

5.The costs of land, construction charges, cost of machinery and equipment, raw materials and consumables, salary and wages, other expenses etc. indicated in the profile are based on the prices prevailing at the time of preparation. Therefore, there are subject to necessary changes from time to time based on the local conditions.

Process of Manufacture
Cement paints are composed of the following ingredients :
i) Pigments ii) Binder iii.) Additives and iv) Solvents—water, which is added before application. The pigment portion consists of prime pigments like Titanium Di Oxide, Carbon Black, Phthalocyanine blue, Phthalocyanine Green, Red Oxide etc. with suitable quantity of extenders like whiting, china clay etc. The binder is the white cement or ordinary Portland cement-33 grade which acts as a film former or pigment binder. Here water is used as solvent which is generally, added before application of cement paint to the masonry surface. Water is to be added in cement paint to bring it to the desired consistency. Additives like wetting and dispersing agents, antifungicidal agents etc. are added in small percentage to impart specific properties to the cement paint.
Cement Paints are made on the basis of the above ingredients depending upon the formulations used by individual manufacturers which is further based on customer's requirements and specifications.
In the manufacturing of Cement Paints Ball Mills and Edge Runner are used. All the pigments/extenders and some portion of binder (e.g. White cement, Ordinary Portland cement-33 grade etc.) with dispersing agents as per formulation are charged in the Ball Mills and run till the desired grinding/dispersion is achieved. The ground material is taken out with the help of the rest portion of binder to the Edge Runner machine. Again it is grinded and mixed uniformly. Anti-fungicides and other required additives as per formulation are added here. Again grinded and mixed uniformly. Then shade matching is done in comparison with the colour card of manufacturer or as per the requirements of customers. Then quality control testing is done to achieve the required properties. After quality control testing is O.K. It is packed into containers or bags as per the requirements.
Before painting new surfaces, it should be thoroughly cleaned and free from efflorescence. Previously painted surfaces should be washed out or brushed down. But if the surface is in powdery or flaking condition, it should be removed by scraping or wirebrushing, Cement Paint normally should not be used on non-absorbent surfaces, such as glazed bricks or neat cement finish or previously flat oil or enamel painted work. Two coats of cement paint are usually sufficient on a new surface. Cement Paint, in powder form, is to be thinned with water for applying by brush or spray. Cement paint is to be made into a creamy consistency by adding three volumes of Cement Paint to one volume of water. Normally cement paint must be added to water and not water to cement paints. The above paste is diluted to a suitable paint consistency by adding, while stirring, further 2-3 volumes of water. Cement paint can be applied by either brushing or Roller coating. According to the painting instructions, the surface is to be prepared and saturated with water. Immediately after the excess surface water disappears, one coat of Cement paint thinned with water previously is to be applied. After 4-6 hours, the surface is to sprinkled again with water. When dry, usually overnight, the surface is to be wet with water as done earlier before first application and second coat of Cement paint is to be applied in the same way and water sprinkled after 4 to 6 hours.
Financial Aspects
A. Fixed Capital
(i) Land and Building
(Rs.)
Land 700 sq. mtr @ Rs.2000sq. mtr.
1400000
Building
 
Work shed 300 sq. mtr. @ Rs. 5000 sq. mtr.
1500000
Office Store 100 sq. mtr. @ Rs. 6000 sq. mtr.
600000
Total
3500000
(ii) Machinery and Equipments
Sl. No.
Description
Qty.
Amount (Rs.)
1
Mild Steel Ball Mill size, 30” ×36” with 5 H.P. Flame proof motor and other accessories
3 Nos. @ 65,000 each
195000
2
Mild Steel ball Mill size 26” ×30” with 3 H.P. flame proof motor and other accessories
2 Nos. @ 55,000 each
110000
3
Edge runner (Bucket, sizes 48”) with reduction gear and other accessories
1 No.
90000
4
Weighing balance platform type 200 kg. Capacity
1 No.
20000
5
Testing Laboratory equipments and chemical testing tables etc.
 
70000
6
Counter scale balance capacity upto 10 kg. with weight
 
3000
7
Fire extinguisher
4 Nos. @ 2200 each
8800
8
Miscellaneous hand tools, fittings and auxiliary equipments
 
15000
 
Total
511800
 
Electrification and installation charges @ 10%
51180
 
Total
562980
 
Office Furniture and fixtures
80000
 
Pre-operative expenses
50000
 
Total
692980
(iii) Staff and Labour (per month)
Sl. No.
Designation
No.
Salary (Rs.)
1
Manager
1 No.
15000
2
Clerk-cum-Accountant
1 No.
6000
3
Manufacturing Chemist
1 No.
9000
4
Salesman
1 No.
9000
5
Skilled Workers
2 Nos. @ Rs.5000
10000
6
Unskilled workers
4 Nos. @ Rs. 2500
10000
7
Peon
1 No.
3000
8
Watchman
1 No.
2500
 
Total
 
64500
 
Perquisites @ 22%
 
14190
 
Total
 
78690

(iv)
Raw Materials(Per Month)
 
(Rs.)
1
White Cement/ O.P.C.-33
15 MT @ 10600 PMT
159000
2
Whiting
3 MT @ 3800 PMT
11400
3
Barytes
1.25 MT @ 4800 PMT
6000
4
China Clay
1.25 MT @ 4000 PMT
5000
5
Pigments (Titanium Di Oxide, Carbon black, Phthalocyanine Blue, Red oxide, Phthalocyanine green etc.)
0.8 MT @ 1,10,000 PMT
88000
6
Additives like brightening agent, Anti-fungicide etc.
 
25000
 
Total
 
294400

(v)
Utilities (per month)
(Rs.)
1
Electric Power 2100 KWH @ Rs. 4.00 per unit
8400
2
Water and others
2000
 
Total
10400

(vi)
Other Contingent Expenses (per month)
(Rs.)
1
Postage and stationery
1000
2
Telephone
2000
3
Repair and maintenance
2000
4
Consumable stores
5000
5
Packing materials
12000
6
Advertisement and Publicity
10000
7
Transportation and Travelling
6000
8
Insurance
3000
9
Laboratory expenses
2500
 
Total
43500
B. Working Capital (per month)
1.
i) Raw materials
294400
 
ii) Staff and Labour
78690
 
iii) Utilities
10400
 
iv) Other expenses
43500
 
Total
426990

2.
Working Capital (for 2 months) 426990 ×2 =
853980
C. Total Capital Investment
1
Fixed Cost(Land +Machinery)
4192980
2
Working Capital (for 2 months)
853980
 
Total
5046960
Financial Analysis
(1)
Cost of Production (per annum)
(Rs.)
i)
Total Recurring Expenditure
5123880
ii)
Depreciation on Land and Building @ 5 %
175000
iii)
Depreciation on machinery and equipments @ 10%
56298
iv)
Depreciation on office equipments @ 20%
16000
v)
Interest on total capital investment @ 14%
706574
 
Total
6077752

(2) Total Sales Turnover (per year)
(Rs.)
Cement Paint (water proofing) 250 M.T. @ Rs. 27000 per metric ton (27000 ×250)
6750000

(3) Profit (per year)
(Rs.)
6750000- 6077752
672248

(4) Rate of Profit on Sales
 
 
 
 
Net profit per year × 100
 
=
———————————
 
 
Total Turnover per year
 
 
 
 
=
9.96
 
 
 
(5) Rate of Return on Total Capital Investment
 
 
Net Profit per year × 100
 
=
———————————
 
 
Total Capital Investment
 
 
 
 
=
13.32
(6) Break-even Point
(i)
Fixed Cost (per annum)
(Rs.)
a)
Depreciation on Machines, equipments @ 10%
56298
b)
Depreciation on office equipments @ 20% (25,000 ×0.2)
16000
c)
Depreciation on building @ 5 %
175000
d)
Interest on total capital Investment @ 14%
706574
e)
Insurance ( 3,000 ×12)
36000
f)
40% of salary and wages
377712
g)
40% of other contingent expenses (excluding Insurance, Utilities etc.)
194400
 
Total
1561984
(ii)
Net Profit (per year)
672248


B.E.P.
 
 
 
 
Total Fixed cost ×100
 
=
——————————
 
 
Total Fixed cost + Profit
 
 
 
 
 
1561984 ×100
 
=
——————————
 
 
1561984 + 672248
 
 
 
 
=
69.91
Addresses of Machinery and Equipment Suppliers
1. M/s. Ahmedabad Victoria Iron Works Co. Ltd.
Dhudherwal Road,
Ahmedabad.
2. M/s. Bakshi and Sons
G.T. Road, Millar Ganj,
Ludhiana, Punjab.
3. M/s. Standard Metal Fabricators
1/5, Kirti Nagar,
New Delhi-110001.
4. M/s. Kusum Engg. Works
25, Swallow Lane,
Kolkata-700001.
5. M/s. Devi Dayal and Co.
Lal Kuan,
Delhi- 110006.
6. M/s. Bhagsons Paint Industries
18, D.L.F, Industrial Area,
Najafgarh Road,
New Delhi-110001.
7. M/s. Telematrix Engineers Pvt. Ltd.
C-1, 404, Phase-IV, GIDC,
Vithal Udyog Nagar,
P.O. Vallabhvidya Nagar-388121
Gujarat.
Addresses of Raw Material Suppliers
a. M/s. Amar Minerals Pvt. Ltd.
Alic Building, Dr. D.N. Road,
Mumbai-400001.
b. M/s. Amar Dye Chemicals Ltd.
Rangh Udyan, Sitladevi Temple
Road, Melium,
Mumbai-400001.
c. M/s. Sudarshan Chemicals
162, Wellsely Road,
Pune-311001.
d. M/s. J.K. White Cement
Locally available in every district.
e. M/s. Birla White Cement
Locally available in every district.
f. M/s. R.N. Sahni and Sons
27/3, Shakti Nagar,
Delhi-110007.
g. M/s. Associated Pigments Ltd.
14, Netaji Subash Road,
Kolkata-700001.
h. M/s. Travancore Titanium
Products Limited
Kerala.
i. M/s. Colour Chem Ltd.
Fort House,
Dadabhai Naroji Road,
Mumbai-400001.

2 comments:

  1. nice article, using great equipment to measure the thickness of your cement will produce you with good information about your stuffs.


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  2. It's really most important article, for more visit Cement capsule manufactures in India.

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