Wednesday, 7 December 2011

Start a Neck – Ties Making Unit

         
(244)  Start a Neck – Ties Making Unit
   




Ties are considered as item of fashion. Ties has been finding exceptionally good acceptance among the sales representatives, doctors, CEO's, Engineers, Hotel servants and others such as college and school students. Shirts worn without ties are considered as incomplete. Wearing of ties improves one's personality and respect. Ties are classified into two types, which are bow ties and neck ties. The former one are generally worn by hotel waiters whereas the later are worn by people mentioned above.
Ties are made from various types of fabrics and most popular fabrics that are used for the manufacture of ties are cotton, viscose, silk fabrics and their blends. Manufacturing of ties is very easy and anyone knowing tailoring and managing a unit can venture into this industry. The raw material and machinery required for the manufacture of ties are abundantly available. In this report, an attempt has been made to provide sufficient information for setting up of tie manufacturing units.
Market Potential
In recent years almost all the countries in the world are witnessing lot of changes in life style of people. Present life style is witnessing very fast changes in wearing fashion garments. The demand for fashion garments is very huge due to shifting of wearing fashion garments from elite people to common persons. Among various fashion garments, tie occupies an important place. There are very less number of units engaged in the manufacture of ties and as such demand and supply gap is getting wider. Tie have its own market demand from various market segments. Main customers for ties are Doctors, CEOs, Sales representatives, waiters in star hotels, reception counters and executives.
Basis and Presumptions
1. This project is based on double shift basis and 300 working days in a year.
2. The Building is considered of own.
3. The cost of machinery and equipments/materials indicated refers to particular make and approximately to those prevailing at the time of preparation of this project.
4. The cost of installation and electrification is taken @ 10% of cost of machinery and equipment.
5. Non refundable deposits, project report, cost, trial production, security deposits with electricity board are classified under preoperative expenses.
6. Depreciation has been considered:

(a) on plant and machinery @ 10%
(b) on office furniture & fixtures @ 20%
7. Interest on capital investment has been taken @13% per annum on borrowing amount.
8. Minimum 25% of total investment is required as margin money.
Implementation Schedule
Sl. No.ActivityPeriod
1.Selection of site/working shed1 month
2.Preparation of feasibility report1 month
3.Registration with commissioner of Industries/DIC1 month
4.Arrangement of finance (term loan and working capital)3 months
5.Procurement of machinery and equipment1 month
6.Plant erection and electrification2 weeks
7.Arrangement of raw material including packaging material1 month
8.Miscellaneous works like power/water connection etc.2 months
Note: Considering that some of the above activities may be overlapping, the project implementation will take a period of 4 months approximately for starting the production.
Technical Aspects
Process of Manufacture
Before starting the stitching operations, fabrics of required quality are placed on the cutting table in layers and lay mark is prepared on top of the fabric layer and these layers are perfectly cut as per the mark without any distortion in cutting. The panels after cutting are taken out from the table and supplied to the skilled tailors for stitching. After the stitching, ironing is done with the aid of electric iron. Ironing is an important process by which ties are given proper and final shape. Ties are finally checked for any objectionable faults and packed for marketing.
Quality Control and Standards
This product is consumable item and having different designs and colours and its combinations depending upon the demand of the consumers. So standard specifications of appropriate quality is not possible. However, to manufacture better quality, good quality fabrics and other materials are to be used.
Production Capacity (per annum)
 Qty. (pcs)Value (Rs.)
Ties of different sizes2100005250000
Motive Power
Power required to run this industry will be 5 HP.
Pollution Control
This industry does not involve anypollution.
Energy Conservation
Power requirement is very low, even then energy can be saved by proper house keeping.
Financial Aspects
A. Fixed Capital
(i) Land and Building
Land 200sq.mt. @ Rs. 3000p.s.m. Amounting Rs 600000.00
Building Area
Factory shed100 sq. mt.
Store (Raw material)25 sq. mt.
Store (Finished goods)50 sq. mt.
Office etc.25 sq. mt.
Total Covered Area100 sq. mt.
Total Construction Cost @ Rs. 4000/sq.mt.400000.00
Total Investment in land and Building1000000.00
Machinery and Equipments
Sl. No.DescriptionNo.Rate (Rs.)Amount (Rs.)
1.Eastern straight bar cloth cutting machine with motor17000070000
2.Power operated single needle lock sewing machine103203200
3.Electric iron422008800
4.Table and workshop itemsLS1700017000

(iii)Other Fixed Assets(Rs.)
a.Erection and installation9900
b.Office furniture25000
c.Pre-operative expenses25000
 
Total
158900
 Total Fixed Capital1158900
B. Working Capital (per month)
(i) Staff and labour wages
Sl. No.DesignationNos.Rate (Rs.)Amount (Rs.)
1.Manager/Designer180008000
2.Clerk/Typist140004000
 Production Staff   
1Cutting Master2600012000
2.Skilled workers18380068400
3.Helpers8300024000
 
Total
116400
 Perquisites @ 20%23280
 
G. Total
139680
(ii) Raw Material
Sl. No.DescriptionUnitQty.Rate/ Unit (Rs.)Amount (Rs.)
1.Synthetic fabrics of different colours, shades and designMts.300054162000
2.Sewing thread labels of different colours and shadesMts.LS70007000
3.Packing materialsNos.LS2000020000
 
Total
189000

(iii) Utilities(Rs.)
Electricity Bill6000
Water charges500
Total
6500

(iv)Other Contingent Expenses(Rs.)
1Postage/Stationery1000
2Repairs and maintenance800
3Transport /travelling charges1000
4Insurance250
 Misc.2000
 
Total
5050
(v)Total Recurring Expenses (per month)340230
(vi)Total Working Capital (for 2 months)680460
C. Total Capital Investment
1.Land Machinery and equipment1158900
2.Working capital (for 2 months)680460
 
Total
1839360
Machinery Utilisation
Capacity utilisation is considered as 70% of installation capacity.
Financial Analysis
(1) Cost of Production (per year)(Rs.)
Recurring expenses4082760
Depreciation on Building @ 5 %50000
Depreciation on machinery @ 10%15890
Depreciation on Office furniture @20%5000
Interest on total investment @13%239116.8
Total
4392766.8

(2) Turnover (per year)Qty. (pcs)Rate/ (Pc.)Total (Rs.)
Ties of synthetic fabrics210000255250000

(3)Net Profit (per year)857233.2
(4)Net Profit Ratio (Net Profit/ Turnover (per year)19.51
(5)Rate of Return on Investment (Net Profit/Total Capital Investment)46.6
(6) Break-even Point
Fixed Cost(Rs.)
Depreciation on Plant & Machinery office equipment etc20890
Depreciation on Building50000
Interest on capital investment239116.8
40% of wages of staff and labour670464
40% of other expenses23040
Insurance3000
Total
1006510.8



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