Wednesday, 30 November 2011

Start a Quick Aged Paddy Making Plant

    
(237) Start a Quick Aged Paddy Making Plant


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Production Capacity::680 tpa
Uploaded on:April 2009
1.0 Product and its Applications  
Rice tops the food grains cultivated in India , with annual production of more than 90 million tonnes. Rice is the staple food for majority of the population. It is a common experience that rice from freshly harvested paddy cooks to a pasty mass. It has poor swelling capacity during cooking and reportedly causes digestive disorders. That is the reason the new rice is aged or cured by storing for at least 4 months to overcome these problems and to develop desirable cooking characteristics. The ageing becomes faster as the temperature during storage increases. A new technology has been developed whereby it has become possible to age or cure the new paddy within a short duration.
2.0 Market Potential
Aged rice commands a higher price as compared to new rice. There is an incentive to cure the paddy in a short time and speed up the realisation. Quick aging helps in cutting down the cost of warehousing, reduce damage by rodents, save interest on the capital, thereby improve overall economic profile of the project.
3.0 Basis and Presumption
a) The unit proposes to work at least 120 days per annum on single shift basis. However, the production activity will be available only for 100 days.
b) The unit can achieve its full capacity utilization during the 2nd year of operation.
c) The wages for workers are taken as per prevailing rates in this type of industry.
d) Interest rate for total capital investment is calculated @ 12% per annum.
e) The entrepreneur is expected to raise 20-25% of the capital as margin money.
f) The unit proposes to construct own building while the cost of construction is based inputs.
g) Costs of machinery and equipment are based on average price.
Implementation Schedule  
Project implementation will take a period of 8 months. Break-up of the activities and relative time for each activity is shown below:
Scheme preparation and approval
:
01 month
SSI provisional registration
:
1-2 months
Sanction of financial supports etc
:
2-5 months
Installation of machinery and power connection
:
6-8 months
Trial run and production
:
01 month
5.0 Technical Aspects
5.1 Process of Manufacture
The freshly harvested paddy is steamed for a specified period of time depending on the initial moisture content of the paddy. It is then heaped, dried and used for rice milling.
5.2 Quality Control and Standards: As per AGMARK specifications
Pollution Control
There is no major pollution problem associated with this industry except for disposal of waste which should be managed appropriately
7.0 ENERGY CONSERVATION
The fuel for the steam generation in the boiler is coal or LDO depending upon the type of boiler. Proper care should be taken while utilising the fuel for the steam production. There should be no leakage of steam in the pipe lines and adequate insulation should be provided.
8.0 Production Capacity
Quantity
750 tpa
Installed capacity
8 tpa
Value
Rs. 96.60 lakh
Optimum capacity utilization
70%
Working days
100/annum
Manpower
12
Utilities

Motive Power
12 kWH
Water
5 kL/day
Coal/LD oil
250 kg/60 L/day
9.0 Financial Aspects
9.1 Fixed Capital  
9.1.1 Land & Building
Particulars
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Land 1000m 2
02.00
Built up area 150 m 2
04.50
Total cost of land and building
06.50
9.1.2 Machinery and Equipment
Description

Amount (Rs. lakh)  
Boiler, parboiling tank, mechanical drier/drying yard. Auxiliary equipment: weighing scales, trolleys etc.
:
03.85
Erection & electrification of machinery & equipment @10% cost
:
00.40
Office furniture & fixtures
:
00.75
Total
:
05.00

9.1.3 Pre-operative Expenses
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Consultancy fee, project report, deposits with electricity department etc
01.00

9.1.4 Total Fixed Capital
Amount (Rs. lakh)
(9.1.1+9.1.2+9.1.3)
12.50
9.2 Recurring expenses per annum
9.2.1 Personnel
Designation
No.
Salary Per month
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Factory Manager
1
10,000
01.20
Supervisory staff
2
07,500
01.80
Office Assistant
2
06,000
01.44
Technician
1
05,000
00.60
Skilled workers
2
03,500
00.84
Unskilled workers (months)
4
03,000
00.48



06.36
Perquisites @15 %


00.94
Total
12

07.30
9.2.2 Raw Material including packaging materials
Particulars
Qty (t)
Rate/t (Rs.)
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Chemicals
LS
LS
00.22
Packaging materials
7500 No.
11 each
00,83
Paddy
750
9500
71.25
Total
72.30
9.2.3 Utilities
Particulars
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Power
01.50
Water
00.05
Fuel
00.45
Total
02.00
9.2.4 Other Contingent Expenses
Particulars
Amount(Rs. lakh)
Repairs and maintenance @10%
00.50
Consumables & spares, others
00.10
Transport & travel
00.10
Publicity, postage, telephone
00.04
Insurance @1%
00.08
Total
00.82
9.2.5 Total Recurring Expenditure
(9.2.1 + 9.2.2 + 9.2.3 + 9.2.4)  
83.00   (Rs. lakh)


9.3 Working Capital
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Recurring expenses for 1 month
06.90


9.4 Total Capital Investment
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Fixed capital (Refer 9.1.4)
12.50
Working capital (Refer 9.3)
06.90
Total
19.40
10.0 Financial Analysis
10.1 Cost of Production (per annum)
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Recurring expenses (Refer 9.2.5)
83.00
Depreciation on building @ 5%
00.20
Depreciation on machinery @10%
00.42
Depreciation on furniture @ 20%
00.15
Interest on Capital Investment @ 12%
02.33
Total
86.10
10.2 Sale Proceeds (Turnover) per year
Item
Qty (t)
Rate/t (Rs.)
Amount (Rs. lakh)
Aged paddy
680
14,500
98.60
10.3 Net Profit per year
10.3 Net Profit per year
=
Sales – Cost of production
=
98.60 - 86.10
=
Rs. 12.50 lakh
10.4 Net Profit Ratio
=
Net profit X 100
---------------------------
Sales
=
12.50X 100
----------------
98.60
=
12.67%
10.5 Rate of Return on Investment
=
Net profit X 100
--------------------------
Capital Investment
=
12.50X 100
-----------------
I9.40
=
64.4%

10.6 Annual Fixed Cost
Amount (Rs. Lakh)
All depreciation
00.77
Interest
02.33
40% of salary, wages, utility, contingency
04.05
Insurance
00.08
Total
07.23
10.7 Break even Point

10.7 Break even Point
=
Annual Fixed Cost X 100
-----------------------------------
Annual Fixed Cost + Profit
=
7.23 X 100
---------------------
7.23+12.50
=
36.6%
11.0 Addresses of Machinery and Equipment Suppliers  
Septu ( India ) Pvt. Ltd.
12/7, Urban Estate,
Post Box No. 4
Gurgaon - 122 001
Raylon Metal Works
Kondivitta Lane
Post Box 17426
J.B.Nagar, Andheri (E)
Mumbai - 400 059
SSP (Pvt) Ltd.
13th Milestone, Mathura Road
Faridabad - 121003, Haryana
Grovers Pvt. Ltd.
223, Kaliandas Udyog Bhavan
Prabhadevi
Mumbai
Rohilkhand Eng. Works
Izzatnagar,
Bareilly (U.P.)
Batliboi Engineers ( Bangalore ) Pvt. Ltd.
99/2&3, N.R.Road
Bangalore - 560 002 
Narene Tulaman Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd.
Balanagar
Hyderabad - 500 037
M/s. Kodesia Eng Works,
Izzatnagar
Bareilly
Shree Murugan Industries,
Plot No. 68/W, Hootagalli
Industrial Area, Balawadi Post
Mysore – 571186
Nalanda Agro Works
Nalanda Nagar, Kurji
Patna - 800 010
Mac-Well Engineering Works,
14, Kartar Compound, LBS Marg
Behind State Bank
Vikroli (West) 

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