Tuesday, 20 September 2011

Start Cultivation of Major Aromatic Crops Business


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(81) Start Cultivation of Major Aromatic Crops Business





Menthol Mint (Menth arvenis)
Menthol mint is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil. The major component of this oil  is menthol. The oil is extracted from its leaves and whole plants by steam or hydro steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in sub-tropical condition in various type of soil. The total life span of this crop is 5-6 months. After cultivation from one hect. area a farmer can get about 200 to 225 k oil. Te present market rate of this oil is Rs. 275 to 300 / kg. The oil is used in flavour, fragrance and pharmaceutical industries.


Lemonrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus)
Lemongrass is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil. The major component of this oil is Citral. the oil is extracted from its leaves and stems by steam or hydro steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in sub-tropical condition in various type of soil. The total life span of the crop is 4 to 5 years. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 200 to 250 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 400 to 450 / kg. The oil is used in perfumery for giving lemony odor and pharmaceutical industries for making vit-A


Palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii)
Palmarosa is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil. The major component of this oil is geraniol. The oil is extracted from its leaves and stems by steam or hydro steam distillation.  It is suitable for cultivation in sub-tropical condition in various type of soil. The total life span of the crop is 4 to 5 years. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 100 to 150 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 500 to 550 / kg. The oil is used in perfumery industry for giving rosy odor and in blending of compounds.


Citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus )
Citronella is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil. The major component of this oil is citronellal and citronellal acetate. The oil is extracted from its leaves and stems by steam or hydro steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in sub-tropical condition in good and fertile type of soil. The total life span of this crop is 4 to 5 years. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 200 to 225 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 300 to 350/kg. The oil is used in perfumery industry specially in preparation of mosquito repellent.


Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides )
Vetiver is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil. The major component of this oil is vetiveroil. The oil is extracted from its roots steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in sub-tropical condition and water logged areas. The total life span of this crop is 4 to 5 years. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 200 to 225 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 300 to 350/kg. The oil is used in perfumery industry specially in preparation of compounds for tobacco.


Patchouli ( Pogostemon patchouli)
Patchouli is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil. The major component of this oil is patchouli alcohol. The oil is extracted from its dried leaves and stems by steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in sub-tropical condition in orchards and shaded areas. The total life span of this crop is 2.5 to 3 years. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 30 to 32 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 2000 to 2500/kg. The oil is used in perfumery industry as a fixative specially in preparation of compounds.


French Besil ( Ocimum basilicum)
French Basil is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil. The major component of this oil is chavioll. The oil is extracted from its leaves and whole plant by steam distillation or hydro steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in sub-tropical condition in various type of soils. The total life span of this crop is 3 to 3.5 months. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 100 to 125 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 250 to 300/kg. The oil is used in perfumery and pharmaceutical industry.


Rose (Rosa damascena)
Rose is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil and flowers. The major component of this oil is geraniol, rhodinal, geranyl acetate, etc. The oil is extracted from its fresh petals by steam distillation or hydro steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in tropical and sub-tropical condition in various type of soils. The total life span of this crop is 25 to 30 years. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about .75 to 1.00 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 2,00,000 to 2,50,000/kg. The oil is used in high grade perfumery and pharmaceutical industry.


Geranium (Pelargonium graveolense)
Geranium or Rose geranium is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil and flowers. The major component of this oil is geraniol, rhodinal, geranyl acetate, etc. The oil is extracted from its fresh herbs by steam distillation or hydro steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in tropical and sub-tropical condition in various type of soils. The total life span of this crop is 2.5 to 3 years. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 25 to 30 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 2000 to 3000/kg. The oil is used in perfumery and pharmaceutical industry.


German chamomile (Matricaria chammomila)
Chamomile is an aromatic crop cultivated for its commercial essential oil and flowers. The major component of this oil is chamazoline. The oil is extracted from its dried flowers by steam distillation. It is suitable for cultivation in tropical and sub-tropical condition in various type of soils. The total life span of this crop is 3 to 3.5 months. After cultivation from one ha. area a farmer can get about 8 to 10 kg oil. The present market rate of this oil is Rs. 10,000 to 15,000/kg. The oil is used in perfumery and pharmaceutical industry.

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