Friday, 14 October 2011

Start a Chewing Gum Making Plant

(121) Start a Chewing Gum Making Plant




Sweetened gum used for chewing is a product made from gum and similar resilient substances. It appears in many forms and it chewed for its multi-flavored taste. Since antiquity Mediterranean people have chewed the sweetened resin of the mastic tree as a tooth cleanser and breath freshener. After World War II, various water insoluble substances, such as elastomers, synthetic rubber and gum of high molecular weight hydrocarbons virtually became the main raw materials for chewing gum manufacturing. To begin the gum manufacturing process, blocks of hardened gum are broken up, then screened and strained before mixing with other gum bases. Sweeteners and flavoring are added during cooking. After extruding in and forming it into the desired shape, the gum is then passed between rollers onto a belt for cooking. After being coated with sugar syrup, the chewing gum is then packaged.
Though sweetened chewing gum is not an essential item in our life, people around the world on a daily basis increasingly enjoy it. Moreover, artificially sweetened chewing gum found a wide market in the U.S.A., Europe and other parts of the world. As the world’s standard of living continues to rise, so will the demand for sweetened chewing gum. Therefore, it is still likely that investment in a sweetened chewing gum plant should prove to be profitable. 

 
 
2. General Processing Information
2.1 Description of Manufacturing Process
2.1.1 Granulated sugar is weighed and put into a Universal High Speed Crushing machine ground into fine sugar powder of 200 meshes.
2.1.2 At the same time, the desired quantity of gum base is placed into the gum Melting machine and heated to a temperature of 90℃ so as to melt the gum base into a semi-liquid form. (Any plant that is equipped with a steamer may connect a bypass with the mixer. In this way, the gum base can be dissolved in the mixer. An electric heater is also available for heating.)
2.1.3 The fine sugar powder, semi-liquid gum base and maltose, flavoring are mixed in accordance with their desired proportions. They are then mixed in the melting and mixing machine for about 20 – 25 minutes.
2.1.4 The mixture is then put into the gum extruding and forming machine to make a desired size of 300 mm wide and 25 mm width, which late passes through a 5-Roller machine to meet the required specifications. Then the mixture is reformed to the desired size by the forming machine. The formed chewing gum can be conveyed to the cutting machine for further dicing.
2.1.5 Granulated sugar and maltose are blended with the desired master formula and pour into the Double-Layer pot sugar and maltose cooking and mixing machine. The, mixture is then delivered to the melting machine so as to combine with rice milk syrup making purposes.
2.1.6 The completely formed chewing gum is stored in a well ventilated room with temperature between 20 - 22℃ and humidity about 50% for one day. The rice syrup mention above is then poured into the coating machine for coating over the chewing gum. The coating machinery is equipped with cooling air pipes through which the drying proof can occur. As a result, the chewing gum can be coated completely with the syrup.
2.1.7 The coated gum can then be packed after passing through the Selective machine. As products that fail to meet the quality control standards will be sent to the gum Crushing machine for reprocessing.
2.1.8 Finally, the candy is heat sealed and ready for shipping.
2.2 Flow Chart of Manufacturing Proces



 
3        Plant Description
3.1      Description of Machinery
3.1.1   Universal High Speed Crushing Machine
■ Specification
      ●  Dimension: L 1000 * W 950 * H 1720 mm
        Machine Weight: 400 kgs
        Horse Power: 5HP
        Capacity: 5kgs / minute
        RPM: 7200
 Performance
        Equipped with 24 pieces of steel blades and metal detector.
        Ground into fine sugar powder of 200 meshes.
        Metal detector detects any metal particles and thus offers additional protection from foreign bodies.

3.1.2   Steam Melting and Mixing Machine
 Specification
        Dimension: L 1900 * W 1300 * H 1100 mm
        Machine Weight: 2000 kgs
        Horse Power: 25 HP
 Performance
        The process section of the steam melting and mixing machine consists of two blades within a chamber.
        The blades move tangentially against each other at same speed.
        The combination of the shear effect between the blades and the chamber wall results in extremely intensive mixing the raw materials.
        The optimized sigma blades minimize material adhesion.
        Chamber completely jacketed, in accordance with pressure vessel regulations, for temperature control.
        The power is transmitted to the rotors and discharge screw by belts, through a reduction gear and gear couplings.
3.1.3   Gum Extruder and Forming Machine
 Specification
        Machine Weight: 2000 kgs
        Dimension: L 6350 * W 1020 * H 1350 mm
        Horse Power: 15 HP
 Performance
        This machine consists of extruder, 5-roller and former. 
        Each pair of rollers being set closer together, reducing the gum’s thickness in stages.
        The roll openings are variable and are adjusted through handwheels with the aid of measuring instruments.
        Different speeds of the individual stations ensure a uniform working of the product.
3.1.4   Gum Rolling Moulder / Gum Cutter
 Specification
        Machine Weight: 600 kgs
        Dimension: L 1600 * W 800 * H 1300 mm
        Horse Power: 1 HP
 Performance
        The machine is available with cutting and scoring roll pairs built in.
        The sheet is cut lengthwise and crosswise in the production of strips or tablets.
3.1.5   Sugar and Maltose Cooking and Mixing Machine
 Specification
        Machine Weight: 800 kgs
        Dimension: L1950 * W1500 * H1000 mm
        Horse Power: 3 HP
 Performance
        The machine can dissolve sugar and maltose rapidly and by add uniform agitation can reach full uniform effects dissolution.
3.1.6   Coated Material Melting Machine
 Specification
        Machine Weight: 150 kgs
        Dimension: 750 * ψ700
 Performance
        Can dissolve sugar and maltose rapidly, and by adding uniform agitation, can reach full uniform effects of dissolution.
        No sediments & over-burned.

3.1.7   42” Grossing Pan
 Specification
        Horse Power: 2 HP
        Machine Weight: 280 kgs
        Dimension: L 1650 * W 970 * H 1520 mm
 Performance
        This machine has a sturdy closed frame design with a robust shaft-mounted reducer and gear motor, which eliminates the maintenance concerns of the old roller chain driving system.
        All bowls are of high-quality spun and polished stainless steel construction.
        Basic units have fixed speed with reverse rotation.
3.1.8   42” Polishing Pan
 Specification
        Horse Power: 2 HP
        Machine Weight: 280 kgs
        Dimension: L 1650 * W 970 * H 1520 mm
 Performance
        This machine has a sturdy closed frame design with a robust shaft-mounted reducer and gear motor, which eliminates the maintenance concerns of the old roller chain driving system.
        The ribbed bowl is manufactured with ribs pressed directly into the bowl for sanitary and permanent construction.
        All bowls are of high-quality spun and polished stainless steel construction.
        Basic units have fixed speed with reverse rotation.
3.1.9   Sweet Selective Machine
 Specification
        Horse Power: 1 HP
        Machine Weight: 400 kgs
        Dimension: L 1810 * W 640 * H 1670 mm
 Performance
        Designed for evaluated the quality of product.
        As products that fail to meet the quality control standards will be sent to the gum Crushing machine for reprocessing.
3.1.10 Fully Automatic Compact Triple Sealing Packing Machine
 Specification
        Product Size:
            1.   Thickness 4 –25 mm
            2.   Length: 15 –30 mm
            3.   Width: 10 –30 mm
        Output: 600 – 800 pcs / minute
        Horse Power: 2 HP
        Machine Weight: 2000 kgs
        Dimension: L2300 * W1550 * H1700 mm
        Wrapping Material: All commercially available hot or cold seal materials can be used including polypropylene, cellophane, polythene-coated paper, and aluminum laminates.
 Performance
        It incorporates an automatic disc feeder and it used for the wrapping of confectionery or similar products individually.
        Compact efficient equipment and operator friendly.
        The machine is easy to clean with all components readily accessible.
        Automatic feed unit for confectionery and similar products comprising two independently driven feed discs running at different speeds to ensure maximum feed plate efficiency.
        The feed unit is manufactured to the mast advanced mechanical standards to ensure high speed and maximum output.
        In phase machine stop.
 
3.2 Testing Machinery
Buyer must has the following equipments
3.2.1  Utility
3.2.2  Cabling for motor of machinery
3.2.3  Water Treatment System
3.2.4  Raw materials for commission:
 Sugar
 Maltose
 Gum Base
 Pigment / Flavor
 
3.3     Manpower Requirement
Position
Persons
Plant Manager
1
 
Production Technician
2
 
Skilled Operator
10
 
Universal High Speed Crushing Machine
 
1
Steam Melting and Mixing Machine
 
1
Gum Extruder and Forming Machine
 
1
Gum Rolling Moulder / Gum Cutter
 
2
Sugar and Maltose Cooking and Mixing Machine
 
1
Coated Material Melting Machine
 
1
42” Grossing Pan
 
1
42” Polishing Pan
 
1
Sweet Selective Machine
 
0
Fully Automatic Compact Triple Sealing Packing Machine
 
1
General Worker
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.4 Measurement of Finished Products
The finished products are compared with customer’s desire such as dimension, color, taste and shape.
 
3.5 Raw Material
         Sugar
         Gum Base
         Maltose
         Pigment / Flavor
 
3.6      Power Consumption and the Related Facilities
         Machinery Power ------------------- 75 HP
         Power for Air Conditioning ------ 20 HP
         Recycled Refrigeration Water ------2 kgs / 8 Hours
         Steam ----------------------------------200 kgs / Hour
         Fuel ------------------------------------- 20 Liter / Hour
 
3.7      Analysis on Product Cost & Profit (Based on This Case)
A. Raw Materials Cost (based on 2500 kgs / 8 hours)
1.        Sugar
2.        Gum Base
3.        Maltose
4.        Pigment / Flavor
TOTAL: A
B. Other Cost (based on 2500 kgs / 8 hours)
1.        Water / Power
2.        Fuel
3.        Labor
4.        Packing
5.        Others
TOTAL: B -
C. Daily Production: 2,500,000 g / 4 g per one = 625,000 pieces
D. The cost per piece is (A+B) / 625,000 = D
E. Investment Return
1.        100 pieces per bag
2.        625,000 pieces / 100 pieces = 6,250 bags
Profit Per Bag = Wholesale Price – Cost per bag=E/bag
3.        Daily Profit = E/ bag×6,250 bags = F
4.        Equipment Cost = G
5.        Investment Return = G/ F (days)
 
3.8      Training in the Operation & Technology Transfer
 We will grant you nonexclusive and nontransferable rights and license to operate and maintain the Plant.
 We will procedure and manufacture to the extent we will deem necessary, and supply equipment, machinery for the Plant.
 
3.9      Maintenance / Warranty
 All machines and parts manufactured by Chang Yang Machinery Co., Ltd. are guaranteed to be free from defects in material and workmanship for one year from date of shipment when given normal and proper usage and when owned and used only by the original purchaser.
 This guarantee does not cover parts or items that require periodic replacement under normal use.
 Whether a machine or part is defective in material or workmanship is subject to determination by seller after due inspection, and the sole judgment of Chang Yang Machinery Co. Ltd. shall be conclusive and binding upon all parties.
 All machines and parts found to be defective in material or workmanship by Chang Yang Machinery Co., Ltd. will be replaced by it free of charge, F.O.B. its factory.
 Unless specifically covered by our warranty within the prescribed time limitation, all service work and parts replacement on standard or special machines will be charged to purchaser at the prevailing rate, plus all costs of material or parts and transportation, travel and other expenses.
 
 
4        Suppliers Information
Company Name: Chang Yang Machinery Co., Ltd.
Address: No.24, Lane 514, Mei-Ting St., Taichung, Taiwan
Tel:             886-4-22913127      
Fax: 886-4-22035399

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